Learn More
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We have investigated the pathophysiological mechanisms of dysphagia in Wallenberg's syndrome (WS) that are due to lateral medullary infarction (LMI). METHODS Twenty patients with WS were evaluated by means of clinical and electrophysiological methods that measured the oropharyngeal phase of voluntarily initiated swallowing. For(More)
The electrophysiological features of voluntarily induced and reflexive/spontaneous swallows were investigated. In normal subjects, swallows were elicited by infusing water either into the mouth (1-3 ml) or directly into the oropharyngeal region through a nasopharyngeal cannula (0.3-1 ml). For water infused orally, subjects were either requested to swallow(More)
We investigated neurological findings in 41 prisoners (mean age: 28.6) who participated in a hunger strike between 2000 and 2002. All cases were evaluated using neuropsychological, neuroradiological, and electrophysiological methods. The total duration of fasting ranged from 130 to 324 days (mean 199 days). All cases had 200-600 mg/day thiamine orally for(More)
OBJECTIVE Neurogenic dysphagia (ND) is a prevalent condition that accounts for significant mortality and morbidity worldwide. Screening and follow-up are critical for early diagnosis and management which can mitigate its complications and be cost-saving. The aims of this study are to provide a comprehensive investigation of the dysphagia limit (DL) in a(More)
OBJECTIVE Cricopharyngeal (CP) muscle of the upper oesophageal sphincter (UES) has a significant role in the pharyngo-esophageal phase of deglutition. The linkage between the CP muscle of UES and the motor cortex has not been previously studied electrophysiologically in healthy humans and in patients with neurogenic dysphagia. METHODS Needle recordings of(More)
Intraoral trigeminal afferents elicit EMG activity from the lower facial muscle, orbicularis oris (OR) during swallowing. The upper facial muscles and especially orbicularis oculi (OC) were not previously known to be associated with deglutitional events. Nevertheless, given the large area of intraoral mucosa and teeth innervated by the trigeminal nerve(More)
OBJECTIVE Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a chronic degenerative disease with pain in the back, buttocks and legs aggrevated by walking and relieved after rest without associated vascular disease of lower extremities observed in patients between 50 and 60 years. Several studies, using different methods indicated an association between slowing or blocking of(More)
The facial nerve contributes to the oropharyngeal phase of deglutition via the buccinator, perioral, digastricus posterior, and stylohyoid muscles. The gustatory and salivatory functions of the facial nerve are also known to contribute to swallowing. The relation between peripheral facial nerve palsy (PFP) and swallowing dysfunction has never been studied(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the pathophysiology of dysphagia by electrophysiological methods. METHOD Electrophysiological methods related to oropharyngeal swallowing were used to investigate 25 patients with cervical dystonia and 25 age matched normal volunteers. RESULTS Dysphagia was suspected in 36% of patients with cervical dystonia on the basis of clinical(More)
Recently it has been proposed that corticobulbar innervation of the lower facial muscles is bilateral, that is from both right and left sides of the motor cortex. The objectives of this study were, i) to evaluate the corticonuclear descending fibers to the perioral muscles and, ii) to determine how central facial palsy (CFP) occurs and often recovers(More)