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Recycling of cellulases is an effective way to reduce the cost of enzymatic hydrolysis for the production of cellulosic ethanol. In this study, we examined the adsorption and desorption behaviors of cellulase at different pH values and temperatures. Furthermore, we developed a promising way to recover both free and bound cellulases by pH-triggered… (More)
Rh(III)-catalyzed intermolecular direct aromatic C-H bond amidation with amides has been accomplished under mild reaction conditions. This protocol is applicable to a broad range of N-chelator-containing arenes amidated with aromatic and aliphatic sulfonamides. A possible mechanism is proposed according to the experimental results.
The first copper-catalyzed direct β-functionalization of saturated ketones is reported. This protocol enables diverse ketones to couple with a wide range of nitrogen, oxygen and carbon nucleophiles in generally good yields under operationally simple conditions. The detailed mechanistic studies including kinetic studies, KIE measurements, identification of… (More)
The longterm stability of the laser system is very important in many applications. In this letter, an ultra-stable, broadband, mid-infrared (MIR) optical parametric oscillator (OPO) pumped by a super-fluorescent fiber source is demonstrated. An idler MIR output power of 11.3 W with excellent beam quality was obtained and the corresponding pump-to-idler… (More)
A new catalytic methodology has been developed for the synthesis of heteroaryled pyridines via a rhodium(III)-catalyzed dehydrogenative cross-coupling reaction. This protocol features a good substrate scope with a broad range of functional group tolerance and high regioselectivity of the pyridyl C-H activation.