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BACKGROUND We report the concentrations and distributions of urinary arsenic (As) metabolites in 233 residents exposed to 20, 90, or 160 microg/L inorganic arsenic (iAs) in drinking water from three villages in Hohhot, Inner Mongolia, China, that formed one control and two exposed groups. METHODS We used hydride generation-atomic absorption spectrometry(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the involvement of oxidative damage in lead-induced toxicity in children aged 3-6 years and to enlighten whether oxidative stress indicators are correlated with the known indices of lead toxicity. METHODS Blood samples were collected from 408 subjects (217 boys and 191 girls) in the urban kindergartens. The age range of the(More)
Zearalenone (ZEA) is a fungal mycotoxin that causes cell apoptosis and necrosis. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms of ZEA toxicity. The objective of this study was to explore the effects of ZEA on the proliferation and apoptosis of RAW 264.7 macrophages and to uncover the signaling pathway underlying the cytotoxicity of ZEA in RAW(More)
Chronic arsenicosis is a newly-emerged public-health issue in China and many other Asian countries. Over 200 million people are estimated to be at the risk of high arsenic exposure from drinking-water in the Asian region. To protect people from the hazards of chronic arsenic poisoning, the Chinese Government has been providing low-arsenic drinking-water to(More)
Follicular atresia is primarily induced by granulosa cell apoptosis, but description of the apoptotic pathway in granulosa cells is incomplete. In this study, we explored the possibility that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress could be involved in granulosa cell apoptosis during goat follicular atresia. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that DNA(More)
A method to analyze human plasma proteins without fractionation, directly applying a plasma-matrix mixture on the target plate of a matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight-mass spectrometer (MALDI-TOF-MS), has been described. Peaks of ionized plasma proteins could not be detected applying a mixture of an undiluted plasma sample and a(More)
The main purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that arsenite induces neurotoxicity via effects on astrocytes. Astrocytes were exposed to 0, 5 or 10 μM arsenite in medium for 24 h, and then astrocyte-conditioned medium (ACM) was collected after incubation with fresh medium for 6 h. Primary neuron cultures were divided into four groups due to ACM,(More)
Macrophages and dendritic cells are recognized as key players in the defense against mycobacterial infection. Recent research has confirmed that alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) also play important roles against mycobacterium infections. Thus, establishing a stable cattle AEC line for future endogenous immune research on bacterial invasion is necessary. In(More)
PURPOSE To compare the rate of visual recovery after Ex-PRESS implantation versus standard trabeculectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Subjects enrolled in a prospective randomized controlled trial comparing Ex-PRESS to trabeculectomy were analyzed for postoperative changes in visual acuity (VA). Risk factors for visual loss (split fixation, cup-disc ratio,(More)
Chronic exposure to inorganic arsenic (iAs) is associated with neurotoxicity. Studies to date have disclosed that methylation of ingested iAs is the main metabolic pathway, and it is a process relying on reduced glutathione (GSH). The aim of this study was to explore the effects of exogenous GSH on arsenic burden and metabolism of nitric oxide (NO) in the(More)