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 To systematically identify and analyze the 15 HA and 9 NA subtypes of influenza A virus, we need reliable, simple methods that not only characterize partial sequences but analyze the entire influenza A genome. We designed primers based on the fact that the 15 and 21 terminal segment specific nucleotides of the genomic viral RNA are conserved between all(More)
Human disease caused by highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N1 can lead to a rapidly progressive viral pneumonia leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome. There is increasing evidence from clinical, animal models and in vitro data, which suggests a role for virus-induced cytokine dysregulation in contributing to the pathogenesis of human H5N1(More)
UNLABELLED We characterized the A/Shanghai/1/2013 virus isolated from the first confirmed human case of A/H7N9 disease in China. The A/Shanghai/1/2013 isolate contained a mixed population of R (65%; 15/23 clones) and K (35%; 8/23 clones) at neuraminidase (NA) residue 292, as determined by clonal sequencing. A/Shanghai/1/2013 with mixed R/K at residue 292(More)
The human embryonic lethal abnormal vision-like protein, HuR, is a member of the Hu family of RNA-binding proteins. Over the past decade, this ubiquitously expressed protein has been extensively investigated in cancer research because it is involved in the regulation of mRNA stability and translation in many cell types. HuR activity and function is(More)
BACKGROUND Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been shown to be a prognostic indicator in several types of cancer. We aimed to investigate the association between NLR and survival in surgery-treated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. STUDY DESIGN This large retrospective study included 1,245 patients who underwent initial surgery for stage(More)
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most frequent cancers and a leading cause of death from cancer in China. The human ELAV-like protein HuR has been found to contribute to cancer development and progression through stabilizing a group of cellular mRNAs of cancer-related genes. In this study, we investigated the expression of HuR in a(More)
A mannanase-coding gene was cloned from Sphingobacterium sp. GN25 isolated from the feces of Grus nigricollis. The gene encodes a 371-residue polypeptide (ManAGN25) showing less than 74 % identity with a number of hypothetical proteins and putative glucanases and mannanases. Before experiment’s performance, ManAGN25 was predicted to be a low-temperature(More)
A40 Persistent circulation of highly divergent HIV-1M lineages in the Congo Basin Region M. Tongo, J.R. Dorfman, Tulio de Oliveira, D.P. Martin, Africa Centre for Population Health, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, Division of Computational Biology and Institute of Infectious Diseases and Molecular Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa,(More)
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