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Recent studies showed that hydrogen can be used as an effective radioprotective agent through scavenging free radicals. This study was undertaken to evaluate the radioprotective effects of hydrogen on immune system in mice. H(2) was dissolved in physiological saline using an apparatus produced by our department. Spleen index and histological analysis were(More)
1. The response of the urinary bladder to field stimulation is biphasic in nature consisting of an initial phasic contraction followed by a prolonged tonic phase which lasts for the duration of the stimulation. 2. The phasic response is mediated by the release of neurohumoral transmitters, primarily acetylcholine (via muscarinic receptor stimulation) and(More)
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