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Automatic classification of the aesthetic content of a picture is one of the challenges in the emerging discipline of computational aesthetics. Any suitable solution must cope with the facts that aesthetic experiences are highly subjective and that a commonly agreed upon theory of their psychological constituents is still missing. In this paper, we present(More)
Posttranslational modification of proteins with farnesyl and geranylgeranyl isoprenoids is a widespread phenomenon in eukaryotic organisms. Isoprenylation is conferred by three protein prenyltransferases: farnesyl transferase (FTase), geranylgeranyl transferase type-I (GGTase-I), and Rab geranylgeranyltransferase (RabGGTase). Inhibitors of these enzymes(More)
Farnesylation involves the post-translational attachment of a 15 carbon unit to the C-terminus of proteins, thus allowing them to incorporate into membranes. The farnesylation reaction requires farnesyldiphosphate as the farnesyl group donor and is catalyzed by the farnesyltransferase. Some of the most familiar farnesylated proteins belong to the Ras(More)
Protein prenylation is a widespread phenomenon in eukaryotic cells that affects many important signaling molecules. We describe the structure-guided design of engineered protein prenyltransferases and their universal synthetic substrate, biotin-geranylpyrophosphate. These new tools allowed us to detect femtomolar amounts of prenylatable proteins in cells(More)
Post-translational modifications (PTMs) expand the number of protein isoforms in eukaryotic proteome by orders of magnitude. Protein modification with isoprenoid lipids is a common PTM affecting hundreds of proteins controlling the transport of information and materials into, through, and out of the eukaryotic cell. In this modification, a soluble(More)
Protein modification with isoprenoid lipids affects hundreds of signaling proteins in eukaryotic cells. Modification of isoprenoids with reporter groups is the main approach for the creation of probes for the analysis of protein prenylation in vitro and in vivo. Here, we describe a new strategy for the synthesis of functionalized phosphoisoprenoids that(More)
This paper aims to analyze the change of energy efficiency in the Chinese electric power industrial chain during the year of 2005-2010. It adopts DEA-based Malmquist index to measure energy efficiency change and utilize DEAP 2.1 software to obtain the results. The result shows that energy efficiency increases in a steady but slow way with a 3.4% average(More)
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