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Although both arsenic trioxide (As2O3) and benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) are well-established human carcinogens, the interaction between As2O3 and BaP is synergistic or antagonistic remains controversial in terms of the existing studies. In addition, the mechanisms responsible for the combined effects are still unclear. In this study, we examined the potential(More)
Previous work showed that the availability of insulin to the embryonic chick retina at a critical developmental stage stimulated the activity of the acetylcholine synthetic enzyme, choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) (R. E. Hausman et al., 1991, Dev. Brain Res. 59, 31-37). Here we show that a 2- to 5-min exposure to insulin results in a greater than 24 hr(More)
Previous work demonstrated that the availability of insulin to the embryonic chick retina at a critical developmental stage stimulated the activity of the acetylcholine synthetic enzyme, choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and that this increase required the AP-1 transcription factor, c-jun. Here it is shown that immediately following a 2-5 min exposure to(More)
Cell signaling and cell-cell interactions play an important role in neuronal differentiation in the embryonic CNS. Previous work (Hausman, R.E., Vivek Sagar, G.D. and Shah, B.H., Dev. Brain Res., 59 (1991) 31-37) had shown that cholinergic differentiation in the embryonic chick retina depends on insulin and neuron-neuron interactions. Here, we pursued the(More)
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