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1 We are grateful to Mark An who as a co-author of earlier versions provided invaluable inputs for this research. We would also like to thank for constructive suggestions and comments. We are also grateful to Xian Zude, Sheng Laiyun, Wang Pingping and other researchers at the Rural Survey Organization of China's State Statistical Bureau for data support.(More)
This study provides the first set of estimates on schooling returns over a long time span in urban China. There has been a dramatic and consistent increase in returns to education in urban China. In 1988, the rate of return to education was only 4.7%. By 1999, it has risen to 11.5%. Most of the rise in returns to education occurred after 1992 and reflected(More)
The China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) is a nationally representative longitudinal survey of persons in China 45 years of age or older and their spouses, including assessments of social, economic, and health circumstances of community-residents. CHARLS examines health and economic adjustments to rapid ageing of the population in China.(More)
In this paper, we build on the literature that examines associations between height and health outcomes of the elderly. We investigate the associations of height shrinkage at older ages with socioeconomic status, finding that height shrinkage for both men and women is negatively associated with better schooling, current urban residence, and household per(More)
BACKGROUND China's recent growth in income has been unequally distributed, resulting in an unusually rapid retreat from relative income equality, which has impacted negatively on health services access. There exists a significant gap between health care utilization in rural and urban areas and inequality in health care access due to differences in(More)
  • James P Smith, Yan Shen, John Strauss, Yang Zhe, Yaohui Zhao
  • 2012
In this paper, we model the associations of childhood health on adult health and socio-economic status outcomes in China using a new sample of middle aged and older Chinese respondents. Modeled after the American Health and Retirement Survey (HRS), the CHARLS Pilot survey respondents are 45 years and older in two quite distinct provinces-Zhejiang, a high(More)
EPTD Discussion Papers contain preliminary material and research results, and are circulated prior to a full peer review in order to stimulate discussion and critical comment. It is expected that most Discussion Papers will eventually be published in some other form, and that their content may also be revised. ABSTRACT Because land is scarce, farmers in(More)
This product is part of the RAND Labor and Population working paper series. RAND working papers are intended to share researchers' latest findings and to solicit informal peer review. They have been approved for circulation by RAND Labor and Population but have not been formally edited or peer reviewed. Unless otherwise indicated, working papers can be(More)