Yaohui Zhao

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1 We are grateful to Mark An who as a co-author of earlier versions provided invaluable inputs for this research. We would also like to thank for constructive suggestions and comments. We are also grateful to Xian Zude, Sheng Laiyun, Wang Pingping and other researchers at the Rural Survey Organization of China's State Statistical Bureau for data support.(More)
This study provides the first set of estimates on schooling returns over a long time span in urban China. There has been a dramatic and consistent increase in returns to education in urban China. In 1988, the rate of return to education was only 4.7%. By 1999, it has risen to 11.5%. Most of the rise in returns to education occurred after 1992 and reflected(More)
In this paper, we build on the literature that examines associations between height and health outcomes of the elderly. We investigate the associations of height shrinkage at older ages with socioeconomic status, finding that height shrinkage for both men and women is negatively associated with better schooling, current urban residence, and household per(More)
BACKGROUND China's recent growth in income has been unequally distributed, resulting in an unusually rapid retreat from relative income equality, which has impacted negatively on health services access. There exists a significant gap between health care utilization in rural and urban areas and inequality in health care access due to differences in(More)
EPTD Discussion Papers contain preliminary material and research results, and are circulated prior to a full peer review in order to stimulate discussion and critical comment. It is expected that most Discussion Papers will eventually be published in some other form, and that their content may also be revised. ABSTRACT Because land is scarce, farmers in(More)
This product is part of the RAND Labor and Population working paper series. RAND working papers are intended to share researchers' latest findings and to solicit informal peer review. They have been approved for circulation by RAND Labor and Population but have not been formally edited or peer reviewed. Unless otherwise indicated, working papers can be(More)
*Presented in an AEA/CES session titled " Gender and Labor Mobility in the Chinese Labor Market " at the ASSA conference in San Francisco on January 3, 2009. We are grateful to Gewei Wang in assisting us with data compilation and Robert Girtz for his assistance with data collection. Yaohui Zhao acknowledges support from the Key Research Base of the(More)
Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of the institute. Research disseminated by IZA may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between(More)