Yao-bin Zhu

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BACKGROUND Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been shown to be associated with a systemic inflammatory response leading to postoperative organ dysfunction. Elucidating the underlying mechanisms and developing protective strategies for the pathophysiological consequences of CPB have been hampered due to the absence of a satisfactory recovery animal model. The(More)
BACKGROUND We reviewed our experience with congenital ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysms (RSVA) to determine risk factors influencing occurrence and postoperative worsening of aortic regurgitation (AR). METHODS Over an 11-year period, 210 patients (33 ± 9.7 years old) underwent surgical repair of RSVA. Aneurysm originated from the right noncoronary(More)
BACKGROUND An inflammatory response leading to organ dysfunction and failure continues to be a major problem after injury in many clinical conditions such as sepsis, severe burns, and trauma. It is increasingly recognized that atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) possesses a broad range of biological activities, including effects on endothelial function and(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), an ACE homolog, hydrolyzes angiotensin II and opposes its actions, and plays a protective role in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, the underlying mechanisms involved in the effect of ACE2 on PAH are still uncertain. In this study, we observed the effects of ACE2 activation(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to evaluate the results following surgeries for the treatment of coarctation of the aorta in Chinese paediatric patients and to compare the surgery outcomes between simple and complex coarctation procedures. METHODS Between January 2006 and December 2011, 107 consecutive paediatric patients with coarctation of the(More)
BACKGROUND Pediatric patients are susceptible to lung injury. Acute lung injury (ALI) in children often results in a high mortality. Partial liquid ventilation (PLV) has been shown to markedly improve oxygenation and reduce histologic evidence of injury in a number of lung injury models. This study aimed to examine the hypothesis that PLV would attenuate(More)
BACKGROUND Cyanotic patients have potential growth retardation and malnutrition due to hypoxemia and other reasons. Ghrelin is a novel endogenous growth hormone secretagogue that has effects on growth and cardiovascular activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the plasma level and myocardial expression of ghrelin and insulin-like growth factor-1(More)
OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the safety and efficacy of a cosmetic right lateral thoracotomy for ventricular septal defect (VSD) repair in infants weighing less than 5 kg. METHODS Eighty-nine infants who underwent a right lateral thoracotomy (right group) and 116 infants who underwent a median sternotomy (median group) were included. Patient(More)
BACKGROUND Large animal cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) models are expensive, and prevent assessment of neurocognitive function, and difficulties with long-term recovery. The purpose of this study was to establish a novel rat model of cardiopulmonary bypass for deep hypothermic circulatory arrest without blood priming. METHODS Twenty adult male(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) has been shown to be associated with systemic inflammatory response leading to postoperative organ dysfunction. Elucidating the underlying mechanisms and developing protective strategies for the pathophysiological consequences of CPB have been hampered due to the absence of a satisfactory recovery animal model. The(More)