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Landoltia punctata, a widely distributed duckweed strain with the ability to accumulate starch, was used as a novel feedstock for bioethanol production by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. To improve ethanol production, pectinase pretreatment was used to release much more glucose from L. punctata mash and the pretreatment conditions (enzyme loading, temperature and(More)
—Geographic routing is a scalable routing scheme for wireless networks, where nodes make local routing decisions using position information. Cooperative transmissions utilize spatial diversity to combat fading in wireless channels. In this paper, we incorporate cooperative transmissions into geographic routing, and propose the Location-Aware Cooperative(More)
OBJECTIVES Hypothermia is a well-recognised and effective neuroprotectant because of its depressive effect on metabolism. However, its application in focal ischaemic stroke is limited by delayed onset, prolonged duration, the need for extensive medical and nursing efforts and significant complications. This study combined mild hypothermia with phenothiazine(More)
Centipedes are excellent predatory arthropods that inject venom to kill or immobilize their prey. Although centipedes have long been known to be venomous, their venoms remain largely unexplored. The chemical components responsible for centipede predation and the functional mechanisms are unknown. Twenty-six neurotoxin-like peptides belonging to ten groups(More)
BACKGROUND Since 1989 when the first 146 HIV positives in China were identified, Dehong Prefecture had been one of the areas hardest-hit by HIV in China. The local and national governments have put substantial financial resources into tackling the HIV epidemic in Dehong from 2004. The objective of this study was to track dynamic changes in HIV-1 prevalence(More)
BACKGROUND Duckweed can thrive on anthropogenic wastewater and produce tremendous biomass production. Due to its relatively high starch and low lignin percentage, duckweed is a good candidate for bioethanol fermentation. Previous studies have observed that water devoid of nutrients is good for starch accumulation, but its molecular mechanism remains(More)
BACKGROUND In 2009, there were 8273 local screening laboratories, 254 confirmatory laboratories, 35 provincial confirmatory central laboratories and 1 National AIDS Reference Laboratory (NARL) in China. These laboratories were located in Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) facilities, hospitals, blood donation clinics, maternal and child health(More)
Gamabufotalin (CS-6), a major bufadienolide of Chansu, has been used for cancer therapy due to its desirable metabolic stability and less adverse effect. However, the underlying mechanism of CS-6 involved in anti-tumor activity remains poorly understood. The biological functions of gamabufotalin (CS-6) were investigated by migration, colony formation and(More)