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To assess the efficacy and toxicity of HAA regimen (homoharritonine 4 mg/m2/day, days 1-3; cytarabine 150 mg/m2/day, days 1-7; aclarubicin 12 mg/m2/day, days 1-7) as an induction therapy in the treatment of de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML), 48 patients with newly diagnosed AML, aged 35 (14-57) years, were entered into this clinical study. The median(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Many clinical and experimental reports demonstrated that Erxian Decoction (EXD) was effective in relieving menopausal syndrome. AIM OF THE STUDY The mechanisms of action of EXD were explored on the endocrine and antioxidant regimen. MATERIALS AND METHODS Menopause causes a decline in both endocrine function and activities(More)
Allelic deletions of tumor suppressor genes have been observed frequently in a variety of human tumors. These losses are believed to contribute to the development of human cancer. Three of the most frequently deleted chromosomal loci contain the tumor suppressor genes p53, retinoblastoma (Rb), and mcc/apc. In order to detect loss of heterozygosity (LOH)(More)
BACKGROUND The molecular basis of colorectal dysplasia and carcinoma arising in ulcerative colitis is poorly understood. Loss of heterozygosity involving the tumor suppressor gene p53 occurs frequently in neoplastic ulcerative colitis lesions. Point mutation affecting p53 is associated with loss of heterozygosity in other cancers. Therefore, it was(More)
The tumor suppressor gene APC was recently identified, and the cDNA was cloned from chromosome 5q21. Point mutations affecting APC are seen in the hereditary syndrome familial adenomatous polyposis, and point mutations in APC and a closely linked gene, MCC, as well as loss of heterozygosity involving chromosome 5q have been reported in sporadic colon(More)
Extensive studies have revealed that berberine, a small molecule derived from Coptidis rhizoma (Huanglian in Chinese) and many other plants, has strong anti-tumor properties. To better understand berberine-induced cell death and its underlying mechanisms in cancer, we examined autophagy and apoptosis in the human hepatic carcinoma cell lines HepG2 and(More)
The roles of caveolin-1 (cav-1) in regulating blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability are unclear yet. We previously reported that cav-1 was down-regulated and the production of nitric oxide (NO) induced the loss of cav-1 in focal cerebral ischemia and reperfusion injury. The present study aims to address whether the loss of cav-1 impacts on BBB permeability(More)
Loss of heterozygosity occurring on various chromosomes has been described in the majority of human tumors. The targets of frequent or consistent subchromosomal deletions are believed to be tumor suppressor genes. We examined 72 esophageal tumors (46 squamous cell carcinomas and 26 adenocarcinomas) for loss of heterozygosity at the p53, Rb, APC, MCC, and(More)
The distribution of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) binding sites was investigated in the central nervous system of the frog Rana ridibunda using the technique of in vitro receptor autoradiography by means of [125I]-labeled ANF-28. The anatomic distribution of ANF recognition sites was determined on Kodak ARX films apposed onto tissue sections, and their(More)
BACKGROUND Herb-drug interactions are an important issue in drug safety and clinical practice. The aim of this epidemiological study was to characterize associations of clinical outcomes with concomitant herbal and antipsychotic use in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS AND FINDINGS In this retrospective, cross-sectional study, 1795 patients with(More)