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The syncytium of cardiomyocytes in the heart is tethered within a matrix composed principally of type I fibrillar collagen. The matrix has diverse mechanical functions that ensure the optimal contractile efficiency of this muscular pump. In the diseased heart, cardiomyocytes are lost to necrotic cell death, and phenotypically transformed fibroblast-like(More)
Periostin plays multiple functions during development. Our previous work showed a critical role of this disulfide-linked cell adhesion protein in maintenance of periodontium integrity in response to occlusal load. In this study, we attempted to address whether this mechanical response molecule played a direct role in postnatal tooth development. Our key(More)
To provide an insight into the mechanism of interspecific interactions mediated by allelochemicals, cucumber and figleaf gourd seedlings were compared on their response to cinnamic acid, an autotoxin from root exudates of cucumber. Reactive oxygen species metabolism and plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase activity were examined in roots upon exposure to cinnamic(More)
  • Tao Xie, Yao Sun
  • 2008
Mainstream energy conservation schemes for disk arrays inherently affect the reliability of disks. A thorough understanding of the relationship between energy saving techniques and disk reliability is still an open problem, which prevents effective design of new energy saving techniques and application of existing approaches in reliability-critical(More)
Infarct scar tissue has long been considered inert (acellular, composed simply of fibrillar collagen) and whose function is simply to restore structural integrity to infarcted myocardium and to provide tensile strength that prevents tissue rupture. Technologies of cellular and molecular biology have altered this perspective. Infarct scar is now recognized(More)
Heart failure is a global health problem, appearing most commonly in patients with previous myocardial infarction (MI). Cardiac remodelling, particularly fibrosis, seen in both the infarcted and non-infarcted myocardium is recognized to be a major determinant of the development of impaired ventricular function, leading to a poor prognosis. Elucidating(More)
The potential for bone marrow-derived progenitor cells (BMDPC) to regenerate myocardial tissue following infarction depends on homing, migration, nourishment, and spatially appropriate growth of BMDPC. Requisite to these objectives is the expression of adhesion molecules (ICAM-1) and chemoattractant cytokines (MCP-1), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) cleaves angiotensin (Ang) II to generate Ang1-7, which mediates cellular actions through Mas receptors (MasR). Hypertension is accompanied by high or low circulating AngII levels and cardiac/renal injury. The purpose of this study is to explore (i) whether circulating AngII affects ACE2/MasR expressions in(More)
We used two methods, analytical inverse optimization (ANIO) and uncontrolled manifold (UCM) analysis of synergies, to explore age-related changes in finger coordination during accurate force and moment of force production tasks. The two methods address two aspects of the control of redundant systems: Finding an optimal solution (an optimal sharing pattern)(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine significant molecular and cellular factors responsible for differences in second-intention healing in thoracic and metacarpal wounds of horses. ANIMALS 6 adult mixed-breed horses. PROCEDURE A full-thickness skin wound on the metacarpus and another such wound on the pectoral region were created, photographed, and measured, and(More)