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Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) is a complex pathological process. Although autophagy can be evoked by ischemia, its involvement in the reperfusion phase after ischemia and its contribution to the fate of neurons remains largely unknown. In the present investigation, we found that autophagy was activated in the reperfusion phase, as revealed in both(More)
The heavily-threaded data processing demands of streaming multiprocessors (SM) in a GPGPU require a large register file (RF). The fast increasing size of the RF makes the area cost and power consumption unaffordable for traditional SRAM designs in the future technologies. In this paper, we propose to use embedded-DRAM (eDRAM) as an alternative in future(More)
In this paper, we present a shortest-path-based algorithm, called local shortest path(LSP), for topology control in wireless multihop networks. In this algorithm, each node locally computes the shortest paths connecting itself to nearby nodes based on some link weight function, and then it selects all the second nodes on the shortest paths as its logical(More)
In data center networks, how to balance workloads is a key issue with the fast growth of network applications. Open Flow protocol, which is a competitive candidate for solving the problem, provides each user the programmatic control for specific flows, so as to determine their paths through a network. However, existing solutions based on Open Flow only try(More)
Deadlock is one of the most serious problems in database system. The deadlock problem becomes further complicated if the underlying system is distributed. Distributed deadlock prevention has been studied to some extent in distributed database systems. This paper introduces brief overview of the most recent algorithm for deadlock prevention. The main(More)
Transient cerebral ischemia leads to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. However, the contributions of ER stress to cerebral ischemia are not clear. To address this issue, the ER stress activators tunicamycin (TM) and thapsigargin (TG) were administered to transient middle cerebral artery occluded (tMCAO) mice and oxygen-glucose deprivation-reperfusion(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have been found to be involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory airway diseases. However, the role of MMPs in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mucin overproduction remains unclear. We explored the role of MMP-9 in LPS-induced MUC5AC production and the effect of doxycycline on MUC5AC production. The study showed that LPS(More)
Carnosine (beta-alanyl-histidine) is a naturally occurring dipeptide that has been characterized as a putative hydrophilic antioxidant. The protective function of carnosine has been demonstrated in neuronal cells under ischemic injury. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of carnosine on oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-induced(More)