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BACKGROUND Variation in prostate cancer incidence between different racial groups has been well documented, for which genetic polymorphisms are hypothesized to be an explanation. We evaluated the association between polymorphisms in the cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1 (CYP1A1) and glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) genes and genetic susceptibility to prostate(More)
Candida albicans biofilms are structured microbial communities with high levels of drug resistance. Farnesol, a quorum-sensing molecule that inhibits hyphal formation in C. albicans, has been found to prevent biofilm formation by C. albicans. There is limited information, however, about the molecular mechanism of farnesol against biofilm formation. We used(More)
The X-ray repair cross-complementing group 3 (XRCC3) is a highly suspected candidate gene for cancer susceptibility. However, association studies on the XRCC3 polymorphisms (4541A>G, Thr241Met, 17893A>G) in cancer have shown conflicting results. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to better assess the purported associations. Forty eight eligible(More)
AbstractAssociation studies on the MTHFR polymorphisms (C677T and A1298C) in colorectal cancer (CRC) and colorectal adenoma have shown conflicting results. We performed a meta-analysis to better assess the purported associations. Overall, the 677T allele (10,131 patients and 15,362 controls) showed a small but significant protective effect against CRC(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a common autoimmune disease. Cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) is a highly suspected candidate gene for RA susceptibility. However, association studies on the polymorphism of CTLA-4 exon-1 +49A/G in RA have shown conflicting results. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to better assess the purported(More)
The steroid-5-alpha-reductase, alpha polypeptide 2 (SRD5A2) gene plays a crucial role in androgen metabolism pathway in human prostate. It encodes SRD5A2 enzyme, which catalyses testosterone to dihydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT is the main active structure binding with androgen receptor (AR). After the activation of AR, it further regulates a series of target(More)
AbstractPolymorphisms (A33512C, C21151T and PAT −/+) of the xeroderma pigmentosum group C (XPC) were shown to contribute to genetic susceptibility to cancer. However, association studies on these polymorphisms in cancer have shown conflicting results. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis. Overall, there was no significant association between 33512C (9,091(More)
No clear consensus has been reached on the TP53 Arg72Pro polymorphism (G12139C) and lung cancer risk. Thus, a meta-analysis was conducted to summarize the possible association. There was no statistical association between 12139C (Pro allele) and lung cancer risk in Caucasians compared with 12139G allele. However, the association was observed in all subjects(More)
AIM This paper reports a study examining the effect of a multifaceted HIV/AIDS educational intervention on the knowledge, attitudes and willingness of Chinese nurses in caring for patients with human immunodeficiency virus. BACKGROUND The expanding HIV/AIDS epidemic challenges nurses to increase their knowledge about this devastating illness to provide(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been recognized as significantly involved in prostate cancer (PCa). Since androgen receptor (AR) plays a central role in PCa carcinogenesis and progression, it is imperative to systematically elucidate the causal association between AR and miRNAs, focusing on the molecular mechanisms by which miRNAs mediate AR signalling. In this(More)