Learn More
Recovering a large matrix from a small subset of its entries is a challenging problem arising in many real applications, such as image inpainting and recommender systems. Many existing approaches formulate this problem as a general low-rank matrix approximation problem. Since the rank operator is nonconvex and discontinuous, most of the recent theoretical(More)
Estimating missing values in visual data is a challenging problem in computer vision, which can be considered as a low rank matrix approximation problem. Most of the recent studies use the nuclear norm as a convex relaxation of the rank operator. However, by minimizing the nuclear norm, all the singular values are simultaneously minimized, and thus the rank(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that depression may be associated with a lack of hippocampal neurogenesis. It is well established that neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)-derived NO exerts a negative control on the hippocampal neurogenesis. Using genetic and pharmacological methods, we investigated the roles of nNOS in depression induced by chronic mild(More)
Increasing evidence suggests that 5-HT(1A) receptor (5-HT(1A)R) is implicated in anxiety disorders. However, the mechanism underlying the role of 5-HT(1A)R in these diseases remains unknown. Here, we show that 5-HT(1A)R-selective agonist 8-OH-DPAT and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) fluoxetine downregulated hippocampal neuronal nitric oxide(More)
BACKGROUND Basal forebrain cholinergic neurons (BFCNs) play critical roles in learning, memory and cognition. Dysfunction or degeneration of BFCNs may connect to neuropathology, such as Alzheimer's disease, Down's syndrome and dementia. Generation of functional BFCNs may contribute to the studies of cell-based therapy and pathogenesis that is related to(More)
Several lines of evidence suggest involvement of NMDA receptors (NMDARs) in the regulation of neurogenesis in adults and the formation of spatial memory. Functional properties of NMDARs are strongly influenced by the type of NR2 subunits incorporated. In adult forebrain regions such as the hippocampus and cortex, only NR2A and NR2B subunits are available to(More)
Since it was first identified to play an important role in relaxation of blood vessels, nitric oxide has been demonstrated to regulate many biological processes, especially in the central nervous system. Of the three types of enzymes that produce nitric oxide in humans and rodents, neuronal type is found almost exclusively in the nervous system. This(More)