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OBJECTIVES This study sought to assess the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its association with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in elderly Chinese people. BACKGROUND The information available about the prevalence of MetS based on the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) in China is(More)
Fluorescent Ⅱ-Ⅳ Quantum dots (QDs) have demonstrated to be highly promising biological probes for various biological and biomedical applications due to their many attractive merits, such as robust photostabilty, strong photoluminescence, and size-tunable fluorescence. Along with wide ranging bioapplications, concerns about their biosafety have attracted(More)
Designed oligonucleotides can self-assemble into DNA nanostructures with well-defined structures and uniform sizes, which provide unprecedented opportunities for biosensing, molecular imaging, and drug delivery. In this work, we have developed functional, multivalent DNA nanostructures by appending unmethylated CpG motifs to three-dimensional DNA(More)
Semiconductor Quantum dots (QDs) have raised great attention because of their superior optical properties and wide utilization in biological and biomedical studies. More recently, there have been intense concerns on cytotoxicity assessment of QDs. Most QDs are made of heavy metal ions (e.g., Cd(2+)), which may result in potential in vitro toxicity that(More)
OBJECTIVE Newborn hearing screening has been widely adopted and made an achievement to some degree. Current screening protocols rely solely on detecting existing auditory disorders at the time of screening and are unable to identify individuals susceptible to auditory disorders in later life. Even if the hearing loss newborn is referred, most cases could(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Aconitum carmichaelii Debx. (Fuzi in Chinese) has been widely clinically used to treat heart failure and rheumatism. Whereas its serious toxicity, Radix et Rhizoma Glycyrrhizae (Gancao in Chinese) was combined with it as traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) herb-pair for toxicity reduction and pharmacological effect improvement.(More)
A large-scale synthetic strategy is developed for facile one-pot aqueous synthesis of silicon nanoparticles (SiNPs) yielding ∼0.1 g SiNPs of small sizes (∼2.2 nm) in 10 min. The as-prepared SiNPs feature strong fluorescence (photoluminescence quantum yield of 20-25%), favorable biocompatibility, and robust photo- and pH-stability. Moreover, the SiNPs are(More)
To find out an alternative of coal saving, a kind of microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris (C. vulgaris) which is widespread in fresh water was introduced into coal pyrolysis process. In this work, the pyrolysis experiments of C. vulgaris and coal blend (CCB) were carried out by TGA, and those of C. vulgaris and coal were also taken respectively as control groups.(More)
Rhizoma paridis is widely used in the traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of cancers. Steroidal saponins, including diosgenyl saponins and the characterized component pennogenyl saponins, are regarded as the main active components of R. paridis. To date, quite a bit of research has been published which attempt to explore the in vivo anticancer(More)