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Previously we developed genomic resources for orchids, including transcriptomic analyses using next-generation sequencing techniques and construction of a web-based orchid genomic database. Here, we report a modified molecular model of flower development in the Orchidaceae based on functional analysis of gene expression profiles in Phalaenopsis aphrodite (a(More)
Our past studies on the mechanism of cyclic AMP (cAMP)-mediated control of tumor growth, using the experimental rat mammary tumor models as well as human breast cancer cell lines, indicated that the action of cAMP is mediated by the RII cAMP receptor protein, the regulatory subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase type II (Y. S. Cho-Chung, J. Cyclic(More)
A specialized orchid database, named Orchidstra (URL: http://orchidstra.abrc.sinica.edu.tw), has been constructed to collect, annotate and share genomic information for orchid functional genomics studies. The Orchidaceae is a large family of Angiosperms that exhibits extraordinary biodiversity in terms of both the number of species and their distribution(More)
Orchids display unique phenotypes, functional characteristics and ecological adaptations that are not found in model plants. In this study, we aimed to characterize the microRNA (miRNA) transcriptome and identify species- and tissue-specific miRNAs in Phalaenopsis aphrodite. After data filtering and cleanup, a total of 59,387,374 reads, representing(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine if structural analogs of dopamine in which the side chain nitrogen has been replaced by a permanently uncharged monomethylsulfide, monomethylselenide or sulfoxide group are capable of binding to the striatal D-2 dopamine receptor and acting as agonists at this receptor. All the permanently uncharged dopamine(More)
Chlorpromazine (1, CPZ) is a potent dopamine antagonist that has been used widely as an antipsychotic agent. Since dopaminergic antagonists, like dopaminergic agonists, exist in solution as the charged and uncharged molecular species, it is not clear which form of the amine is most important for interaction with the dopamine receptor. Previous work from our(More)
The effects of chemical analogs of dopamine, which are permanently charged or which lack a net positive charge, on the potassium-evoked release of [3H]acetylcholine from mouse striatal slices were studied in order to determine whether a positive charge on the dopamine agonist molecule is required to activate dopaminergic receptors. The striatal slices were(More)
Dopamine can exist in both charged and uncharged forms at physiological pH. At present it is unclear which of these forms is responsible for dopaminergic agonist activity. The purpose of this study was to determine whether permanently charged structural analogs of dopamine containing either a nitrogen, sulfur, or selenium atom in the side chain can bind to(More)
We have previously synthesized a chemical analog of dopamine (DA) in which the amine group has been replaced by a permanently charged dimethylsulfonium group. In the present study, we have determined whether this compound can exert DA agonist activity in the nucleus accumbens by comparing its effects with those of DA. When DA was injected into the nucleus(More)
We have investigated the possibility that structural modifications of the sulfonium analogue of dopamine (4) would produce the same pattern of biological activity as structural modifications of dopamine. A series of methyl- tetralinyl -, and naphthalenylsulfonium analogues 5-7 were prepared and tested for their ability to inhibit the potassium-evoked(More)
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