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Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) is a metabolic regulator that provides efficient and durable glycemic and lipid control in various animal models. However, its potential to treat obesity, a major health concern affecting over 30% of the population, has not been fully explored. Here we report that systemic administration of FGF21 for 2 wk in diet-induced(More)
Leptin is an adipocyte-derived hormone that acts as a major regulator for food intake and energy homeostasis. Leptin deficiency or resistance can result in profound obesity, diabetes, and infertility in humans. Since its discovery, our understanding of leptin's biological functions has expanded from anti-obesity to broad effects on reproduction,(More)
The hypothalamic neuropeptide melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) has been implicated in a variety of physiological functions including the regulation of feeding and energy homeostasis. Two MCH receptors (MCHR1 and MCHR2) have been identified so far. To decipher the functional role of the MCH receptors, we have generated and phenotypically characterized(More)
The mammalian neuropeptide, melanin-concentrating hormone, interacts with two G protein-coupled receptors, melanin-concentrating hormone receptor (MCHR) 1 and MCHR2; however, only MCHR1 is expressed in rats and mice. In the present study, we evaluated MCHR1 antagonism in preclinical models believed to be predictive of antiobesity and antidepressant(More)
Nociceptin/Orphanin FQ (N/OFQ) is a 17 amino acid peptide that was deorphanized in 1995. The generation of specific agonists, antagonists and receptor deficient mice and rats has enabled progress in elucidating the biological functions of N/OFQ. Additionally, radio-imaging technologies have been advanced for investigation of this system in animals and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate stearoyl-coenzyme A desaturase (SCD) 1 expression in obesity-prone C57BL/6 mice and in obesity-resistant FVB mice to explore the relationship of SCD1 expression and susceptibility to diet-induced obesity. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES Nine-week-old C57BL/6 and FVB mice were fed either a high- or low-fat diet for 8 weeks. Body(More)
Leptin is a hormone synthesized and secreted from adipose tissue. To study the physiologic effects of chronic leptin treatment, normal adult female Sprague-Dawley rats were injected subcutaneously for 35 days. Twice daily injections (250 microgram/day, b.i.d.) resulted in a significant (P<0.05) decrease in food intake that was maintained for 10 days before(More)
OBJECTIVE We applied a comparative functional genomics approach to evaluate whether diet-induced obese (DIO) rats serve as an effective obesity model. METHODS AND PROCEDURES Gene-expression profiles of epididymal fat from DIO and lean rats were generated using microarrays and compared with the published array data of obese and non-obese human subcutaneous(More)
The positive correlation between leptin and body fat mass has caused some investigators to speculate that leptin resistance contributes to obesity. Loss of ovarian function in human and rat is associated with increased fat mass gain and increased circulating leptin levels. To study whether ovariectomy produces leptin resistance, Sprague-Dawley female rats(More)
Obesity continues to be a global health problem, and thus it is imperative that new pathways regulating energy balance be identified. Recently, it was reported: (Hayashi K, Cao T, Passmore H, Jourdan-Le Saux C, Fogelgren B, Khan S, Hornstra I, Kim Y, Hayashi M, Csiszar K. J Invest Dermatol 123: 864-871, 2004) that mice carrying a missense mutation in myelin(More)