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Assessment and characterization of gut microbiota has become a major research area in human disease, including type 2 diabetes, the most prevalent endocrine disease worldwide. To carry out analysis on gut microbial content in patients with type 2 diabetes, we developed a protocol for a metagenome-wide association study (MGWAS) and undertook a two-stage(More)
Previous research has consistently demonstrated the importance of parents' expectations and adolescents' expectations on adolescents' academic achievement. Less is known, however, about the reciprocal relationships among these constructs. To address this issue, we analyzed two waves of data from the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88)(More)
Nitraria tangutorum Bobr. is a typical halophyte with superior tolerance to salinity. However, little is known about its physiological adaptation mechanisms to the salt environment. In the present study, N. tangutorum seedlings were treated with different concentrations of NaCl (100, 200, 300 and 400 mmol L−1) combined with five levels of Ca2+ (0, 5, 10, 15(More)
The L-arabinose utilization pathway was established in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, by expressing the codon-optimized araA, araB, and araD genes of Lactobacillus plantarum. After overexpressing the TAL1, TKL1, RPE1, RKI1, and GAL2 genes and adaptive evolution, the L-arabinose utilization of the recombinant strain became efficient. The resulting strain(More)
Mutations of the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) gene are the leading cause of genetically inherited Parkinson's disease (PD) and its more severe variant diffuse Lewy body disease (DLB). Pathological mutations in Lrrk2 are autosomal dominant, suggesting a gain of function. Mutations in alpha-synuclein also produce autosomal dominant disease. Here we(More)