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Although myocyte cell transplantation studies have suggested a promising therapeutic potential for myocardial infarction, a major obstacle to the development of clinical therapies for myocardial repair is the difficulties associated with obtaining relatively homogeneous ventricular myocytes for transplantation. Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are a(More)
Shortest path is a fundamental graph problem with numerous applications. However, the concept of classic shortest path is insufficient or even flawed in a temporal graph, as the temporal information determines the order of activities along any path. In this paper, we show the shortcomings of classic shortest path in a temporal graph, and study various(More)
We study the problem of point-to-point distance querying for massive scale-free graphs, which is important for numerous applications. Given a directed or undirected graph, we propose to build an index for answering such queries based on a novel hop-doubling labeling technique. We derive bounds on the index size, the computation costs and I/O costs based on(More)
Active exchangers dissipate the gradient of one substrate to accumulate nutrients, export xenobiotics and maintain cellular homeostasis. Mechanistic studies have suggested that two fundamental properties are shared by all exchangers: substrate binding is antagonistic, and coupling is maintained by preventing shuttling of the empty transporter. The CLC(More)
Maximal cliques are important substructures in graph analysis. Many algorithms for computing maximal cliques have been proposed in the literature, however, most of them are sequential algorithms that cannot scale due to the high complexity of the problem, while existing parallel algorithms for computing maximal cliques are mostly immature and especially(More)
Disparity map generation is a significant component of vision-based driver assistance systems. This paper describes an efficient implementation of a belief propagation algorithm on a graphics card (GPU) using CUDA (Compute Uniform Device Architecture) that can be used to speed up stereo image processing by between 30 and 250 times. For evaluation purposes,(More)
Detection of frame deletion is of great significance in the field of video forensics. Several approaches have been presented through analyzing the side effect caused by frame deletion. However, most of the current approaches can detect the existence of frame deletion but not the exact location of it. In this paper, we present a method which can directly(More)
OBJECTIVES A number of species belonging to herbal genus Aconitum are well-known and popular for their medicinal benefits in Indian, Vietnamese, Korean, Japanese, Tibetan and Chinese systems of medicine. It is a valuable drug as well as an unpredictable toxic material. It is therefore imperative to understand and control the toxic potential of herbs from(More)
Emerging evidence suggested mitophagy activation mitigates ethanol-induced liver injury. However, the effect of ethanol on mitophagy is inconsistent. Importantly, the understanding of mitophagy status after chronic ethanol consumption is limited. This study evaluated the effect of quercetin, a naturally-occurring flavonoid, on chronic ethanol-induced(More)
We propose multistate activation functions (MSAFs) for deep neural networks (DNNs). These MSAFs are new kinds of activation functions which are capable of representing more than two states, including the N-order MSAFs and the symmetrical MSAF. DNNs with these MSAFs can be trained via conventional Stochastic Gradient Descent (SGD) as well as mean-normalised(More)