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Iron (Fe) deficiency in humans caused by inadequate dietary intake is a global nutritional problem. A glass house pot experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of foliar FeSO₄ containing applications on concentrations of Fe, Zn, and Fe bioavailability in polished rice among five rice cultivars. The results showed that foliar application of FeSO₄,(More)
Emerging research implicates the participation of spinal dorsal horn (SDH) neurons and astrocytes in nerve injury-induced neuropathic pain. However, the crosstalk between spinal astrocytes and neurons in neuropathic pain is not clear. Using a lumbar 5 (L5) spinal nerve ligation (SNL) pain model, we testified our hypothesis that SDH neurons and astrocytes(More)
GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid)ergic neurons in the spinal dorsal horn have been reported to be divided into distinctive populations, with different cotransmitters and neuropeptides. In this study, we examined the colocalization of enkephalin (ENK) mRNA with GABA in the spinal dorsal horn using the glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD)(67)-green fluorescence(More)
BACKGROUND Zinc (Zn) biofortification through foliar Zn application is an attractive strategy to reduce human Zn deficiency. However, little is known about the biofortification efficiency and bioavailability of rice grain from different forms of foliar Zn fertilizers. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Four different Zn forms were applied as a foliar(More)
Folate deficiency associated with low dietary intake is a well-documented public health problem, resulting in serious health and socioeconomic burdens. Therefore, optimization of the germination process of different cultivars of legume seeds in relation to the content and composition of folate, vitamin C, and total phenolics and total antioxidant capacity(More)
Enrichment of omega-3 fatty acids in cod liver oil via alternate operation of solvent winterization and enzymatic interesterification was attempted. Variables including separation method, solvent, oil concentration, time and temperature were optimized for the winterization. Meanwhile, Novozyme 435, Lipozyme RM IM and Lipozyme TL IM were screened for(More)
Eighty-one Enterobacter cloacae isolates collected from 20 hospitals in Anhui Province, China, from January to August 2005 were screened for plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinants by polymerase chain reaction and sequencing. qnrA1, qnrB4, qnrS1, and aac(6')-Ib-cr were present in 6.2% (5/81), 6.2% (5/81), 8.6% (7/81), and 3.7% (3/81) of those(More)
Rice is the staple food for more than half of the world's population and, hence, the main source of a vital micronutrient, zinc (Zn). Unfortunately, the bioavailability of Zn from rice is very low not only due to low content but also due to the presence of some antinutrients such as phytic acid. We investigated the effect of germination and Zn fortification(More)