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Depression is a serious and potentially life-threatening mental disorder with unknown etiology. Emerging evidence shows that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and microRNAs (miRNAs) play critical roles in the etiology of depression. Here this study was aimed to identify and characterize the roles of BDNF and its putative regulatory miRNAs in(More)
Salidroside and its aglycone tyrosol are important compounds found in Rhodiola plants. In this study, callus derived from Rhodiola crenulata was induced and grown when explants were incubated on a Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing various concentrations of 6-benzyaldenine (BA), naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) and thidiazuron (TDZ). Callus was easily(More)
Eye gaze is compelling for interaction with situated displays as we naturally use our eyes to engage with them. In this work we present <i>SideWays</i>, a novel person-independent eye gaze interface that supports spontaneous interaction with displays: users can just walk up to a display and immediately interact using their eyes, without any prior user(More)
Public displays can be made interactive by adding gaze control. However, gaze interfaces do not offer any physical affordance, and require users to move into a tracking range. We present GazeHorizon, a system that provides interactive assistance to enable passers-by to walk up to a display and to navigate content using their eyes only. The system was(More)
Let Gm,n be the Grassmann space of m-dimensional subspaces of F n. a unitarily invariant metric on Gm,n for every symmetric gauge function Φ. This provides a wide class of new metrics on Gm,n. Some related results on perturbation and approximation of subspaces in Gm,n, as well as the canonical angles between them, are also discussed. Furthermore, the(More)
Eye tracking is compelling for hands-free interaction with pervasive displays. However, most existing eye tracking systems require specialised hardware and explicit calibrations of equipment and individual users, which inhibit their widespread adoption. In this work, we present a light-weight and calibration-free gaze estimation method that leverages only(More)
We contribute a novel gaze estimation technique, which is adaptable for person-independent applications. In a study with 17 participants, using a standard webcam, we recorded the subjects' left eye images for different gaze locations. From these images, we extracted five types of basic visual features. We then sub-selected a set of features with minimum(More)
Modalities such as pen and touch are associated with direct input but can also be used for indirect input. We propose to combine the two modes for direct-indirect input modulated by gaze. We introduce gaze-shifting as a novel mechanism for switching the input mode based on the alignment of manual input and the user's visual attention. Input in the user's(More)