Learn More
Autophagy is an important intracellular catabolic mechanism that mediates the degradation of cytoplasmic proteins and organelles. We report a potent small molecule inhibitor of autophagy named "spautin-1" for specific and potent autophagy inhibitor-1. Spautin-1 promotes the degradation of Vps34 PI3 kinase complexes by inhibiting two ubiquitin-specific(More)
BACKGROUND The receptor protein Notch plays a conserved role in restricting neural-fate specification during lateral inhibition. Lateral inhibition requires the Notch intracellular domain to coactivate Su(H)-mediated transcription of the Enhancer-of-split Complex. During Drosophila eye development, Notch plays an additional role in promoting neural fate(More)
Glycoside-induced cardiac inotropy has traditionally been attributed to direct Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase inhibition, causing increased intracellular [Na(+)] and consequent Ca(2+) gain via the Na(+)-Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX). However, recent studies suggested alternative mechanisms of glycoside-induced inotropy: (1) direct activation of sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)(More)
Aeromonas veronii strain B565 was isolated from aquaculture pond sediment in China. We present here the complete genome sequence of B565 and compare it with 2 published genome sequences of pathogenic strains in the Aeromonas genus. The result represents an independent stepwise acquisition of virulence factors of pathogenic strains in this genus.
The receptor protein Notch and its ligand Delta are expressed throughout proneural regions yet non-neural precursor cells are defined by Notch activity and neural precursor cells by Notch inactivity. Not even Delta overexpression activates Notch in neural precursor cells. It is possible that future neural cells are protected by cis-inactivation, in which(More)
An aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) involved in alkane degradation in crude oil-degrading Geobacillus thermodenitrificans NG80-2 was characterized in vitro. The ALDH was expressed heterologously in Escherichia coli and purified as a His-tagged homotetrameric protein with a subunit of 57 kDa based on SDS-PAGE and Native-PAGE analysis. The purified ALDH-oxidized(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling regulates glioblastoma cell proliferation, survival, migration and invasion and plays a key role in tumor progression. We show that microRNA-7 (miR-7) is a common regulator of the phosphoinositide-3-kinase (PI3K)/ATK and Raf/mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase(More)
The role of ryanodine receptor (RyR) in cardiac excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling in newborns (NB) is not completely understood. To determine whether RyR functional properties change during development, we evaluated cellular distribution and functionality of sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in NB rats. Sarcomeric arrangement of immunostained SR Ca(2+)-ATPase(More)
Ryanodine receptor (RyR) phosphorylation by protein kinase A (PKA) may be important in modulating resting sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ release, especially in heart failure. However, clear cellular data on PKA-dependent modulation of cardiac RyRs is limited because of difficulty in distinguishing between PKA effects on RyR, phospholamban (PLB), and Ca2+(More)
Increased glomerular hydrostatic pressure is an important determinant of glomerulosclerosis and can be modeled by in vitro exposure of mesangial cells to cyclic mechanical strain. Stretched mesangial cells increase extracellular matrix protein production, the hallmark of glomerulosclerosis. Recent data indicate that the serine/threonine kinase Akt may be(More)