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Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) occurs more often in men than in women and HIV-1-associated KS has a high occurrence in homosexual men (over 30%). Most cultures of KS tumours yield cells with properties of hyperplastic (not malignant) endothelial cells under the control of several cytokines. The role of HIV-1 may be in promoting high levels of some cytokines and(More)
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is an acid-sensitive protein of 35 kD that has pleiotropic effects including inhibition of cytotoxic T-cell response, induction of major histocompatibility complex type II in B lymphocytes, induction of B-cell growth and differentiation, and autocrine growth factor activity in monocytes. We and others have shown that IL-10 is produced(More)
We have investigated the in vivo efficacy of a systemic gene transfer method, which combines a liposomal delivery system (DLS liposomes) with episomally replicative DNA plasmids to effect long-term expression of a transgene in cells. A single i.v. injection of a plasmid DNA vector containing the luciferase gene as a marker was administered with the DLS(More)
BACKGROUND Isolation of the first neoplastic acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) cell line (KS Y-1) has furthered understanding of the pathogenesis of KS. Studies with KS Y-1 cells have indicated that inhibition of KS cell proliferation occurs in early pregnancy in mice and after treatment with certain commercial preparations of(More)
The recent detection of herpesvirus-like DNA sequences in Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) lesions has led to numerous speculations regarding the role of this new agent in KS pathogenesis. However, recent studies indicate a far wider distribution of such viral sequences, shadowing the potential etiologic role of this agent in KS. In this report we show that malignant(More)
Whether Kaposi's sarcoma is a true neoplasm or a reactive endothelial cell outgrowth triggered by inflammatory cytokines remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the differential invasive properties of activated endothelial cells and Kaposi's sarcoma cells in a model of de-epidermized dermis, supplying the cells with matrix barriers similar to those(More)
The effects of clinical grade crude preparations of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) on Kaposi's sarcoma, HIV, SIV and hematopoiesis were examined in vitro and in vivo. In contrast to previous studies, we report that the antiviral activity of hCG associated factors is not due to the native hCG heterodimer, including its purified subunits or its major(More)
The ability to select bone marrow cells (BMC) expressing a selectable gene that confers resistance to anticancer drugs would be useful to protect bone marrow during chemotherapy. The human multidrug resistance (MDR1) gene encodes a 170-kD glycoprotein (P-gp), an ATP-dependent transmembrane efflux pump for many different cytotoxic drugs. In this work, we(More)
BACKGROUND In vitro and in vivo clinical studies have shown that certain preparations of human chorionic gonadotropin have antitumor activity against Kaposi's sarcoma, the most common tumor in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). METHODS A phase I trial was conducted in 18 male patients with acquired immunodeficiency(More)
Interleukin 10 (IL-10) is produced by TH2 lymphocytes and regulates both lymphoid and myeloid cells. In the present study we demonstrate that IL-10 is expressed and produced spontaneously in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of all HIV-1 infected individuals tested, 3 of 19 cases of HIV-negative lymphoma and none of five healthy controls. IL-10(More)