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Conjugated polymers are promising actuation materials for bio/micromanipulation systems, biomimetic robots, and biomedical devices. For these applications, it is highly desirable to have predictive models available for feasibility study and design optimization. In this paper a scalable model is presented for trilayer conjugated polymer actuators based on J.(More)
—We present a novel hysteresis compensation method for piezoelectric actuators. We consider the hysteresis nonlinearity of the actuator as a disturbance over a linear system. A disturbance observer (DOB) is then utilized to estimate and compensate for the hysteresis nonlinearity. In contrast to the existing inverse-model-based approach, the DOB-based(More)
Compact sensing methods are desirable for ionic polymer–metal composite (IPMC) actuators in microrobotic and biomedical applications. In this paper a novel sensing scheme for IPMC actuators is proposed by bonding an IPMC and a PVDF (polyvinylidene fluoride) thin film with an insulating layer in between. The insulating layer thickness is properly designed to(More)
A robotic device with haptic, tactile, and ultrasound capabilities, which can acquire and render information of breast pathology was developed. A physician interface that can examine the human breast remotely and accurately, using such a robotic device was also developed. Such a robotic device can be used to do screening or focused breast exams for patients(More)
This paper presents a new and effective multisensor based control strategy for high-accuracy/precision and high-efficiency automatic robot localization and calibration. The strategy combines both coarsely visual servo and fine position-sensitive detector (PSD) servo control methods. In a large field of view, an image-based visual servo control system is(More)
This paper aims at developing a force-guided micromanipulation technology with in-situ PVDF beam force sensing and hybrid force/position control based on an infinite dimensional system model. By using the designed PVDF force sensing cantilever composite structure with high sensitivity, the micro contact force/impact signal and its derivative can be(More)
This paper presents our work on generalization of the first-order fingertip skin bio-impedance model that is presented to the instantaneous stimulation current. The generalized dynamic model is based on our experimental finding that one of the bio-impedance parameter, stratum corneum resistance R<inf>p</inf>, is inversely related to the stimulation current.(More)