Yanshen Peng

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T helper cells that produce IL-17 (Th17 cells) have recently been identified as the third distinct subset of effector T cells. Emerging data suggests that Th17 cells play an important role in the pathogenesis of many liver diseases by regulating innate immunity, adaptive immunity, and autoimmunity. In this study, we examine the role and mechanism of Th17(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is classically associated with insulin resistance and the inflammatory response, especially in the nonalcoholic steatohepatitis phase. The liver X receptors (LXRs) play a critical role in the regulation of cholesterol metabolism and inflammatory processes. Wild-type C57BL/6 mice were fed a normal diet (ND) or a(More)
Our objective was to investigate the potential roles of CCN1 in the inflammation and macrophage infiltration of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The regulation of hepatic CCN1 expression was investigated in vitro with murine primary hepatocytes treated with free fatty acids or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and in vivo with high-fat (HF) diet-fed mice or(More)
There is increasing awareness of the immunologic roles of liver mononuclear populations, including myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). We took advantage of a large well-defined cohort of 148 patients with liver inflammation and 45 healthy controls to focus on the qualitative and quantitative characteristics of MDSCs. We investigated the frequency,(More)
Collagen triple helix repeat containing-1 (Cthrc1) is a documented specific inhibitor of TGF-β signaling. Based on this observation, we developed the hypothesis that knocking in/knocking out the Cthrc1 gene in murine models of cholestasis would alter the natural history of cholestatic fibrosis. To study this thesis, we studied two murine models of fibrosis,(More)
There is substantial data that suggests an abnormality of innate immunity in patients with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) which includes the transcription factor nuclear factor-kB (NF-kB) and well as downstream inflammatory signaling pathways. In addition, ImmunoChip analysis has identified a novel PBC-associated locus near the receptor activator of(More)
BACKGROUND Gastrointestinal neuroendocrine neoplasms (GI-NENs) are often located in the deep mucosa or submucosa, and the efficacy of endoscopic biopsy for diagnosis and treatment of GI-NENs is not fully understood. OBJECTIVE The current study analyzed GI-NENs, especially those diagnosed pathologically and resected endoscopically, and focused on the(More)
Liver granulomas and elevated serum IgM are commonly observed in patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) but their pathogenetic significance remains largely unknown. To address this issue we performed an extensive immunostaining and colocalization study of markers associated with dendritic cells and IgM in a large cohort of tissue samples from PBC and(More)
The immunobiology of FXR has attracted significant attention in immune regulation and innate immunity. We have studied the mechanism of action of FXR activation on two models of acute hepatitis, inflammation mediated by Con A and α-GalCer and focused on the interactions of FXR activation and expression of PIR-B, both in vivo and in vitro using luciferase(More)
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