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The fern Pteris vittata is an arsenic hyperaccumulator. The genes involved in arsenite (As(III)) transport are not yet clear. Here, we describe the isolation and characterization of a new P. vittata aquaporin gene, PvTIP4;1, which may mediate As(III) uptake. PvTIP4;1 was identified from yeast functional complement cDNA library of P. vittata. Arsenic(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a bioactive gas and functions as a signaling molecule in plants exposed to diverse biotic and abiotic stresses including cadmium (Cd2+). Cd2+ is a non-essential and toxic heavy metal, which has been reported to induce programmed cell death (PCD) in plants. Here, we investigated the role of NO in Cd2+-induced PCD in tobacco BY-2 cells(More)
The complete genome sequence of Seneca Valley virus (SVV), a single-stranded RNA virus that causes porcine vesicular disease in China, has been sequenced and analyzed. This Chinese isolate shares 94.4 to 97.1% sequence identity to another 8 strains from Canada, Brazil, and the United States. This is the first report of SVV infecting swine in China.
Arsenite (AsIII) efflux is an important mechanism for arsenic (As) detoxification in plants. Low AsIII efflux has been observed in As-hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata, which may contribute to its highly efficient As translocation and accumulation; however, the results may be compromised by microbial AsIII oxidation, relatively low As concentration in the(More)
A 5' conjugated minor groove binder (MGB) probe real-time PCR assay was developed in this study for porcine sapelovirus (PSV) detection and quantitation. Two primers and a MGB probe for the 5' untranslated region (UTR) gene were designed. The assay was capable of detecting about 103copies/μl of standard template per reaction. Moreover, it does not detect(More)
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) continues to affect the Chinese swine industry. Since 2006, variant PRRSV strains sharing two unique discontinuous deletions of 30 amino acids in the nonstructural protein Nsp2 have become dominant in Chinese swine herds and have caused huge economic losses to the swine industry in China. Here we(More)
In Arabidopsis, the nodulin 26-like intrinsic protein (NIP) subfamily of aquaporin proteins consists of nine members, five of which (NIP1;1, NIP1;2, NIP5;1, NIP6;1, and NIP7;1) were previously identified to be permeable to arsenite. However, the roles of NIPs in the root-to-shoot translocation of arsenite in plants remain poorly understood. In this study,(More)
UNLABELLED Pteris vittata, the first known arsenic hyperaccumulating plant, can accumulate very high concentration arsenic in its aboveground tissues, while low in roots. Previous studies have suggested that arsenic vacuole compartmentalization may play an important role in the arsenic-hyperaccumulation in P. vittata, but the mechanism(s) of arsenic(More)
Bacteria-mediated arsenic (As) transformation and their impacts on As and P uptake and plant growth in As-hyperaccumulator Pteris vittata (PV) were investigated under sterile condition. All As-resistant bacteria (9 endophytic and 6 rhizospheric) were As-reducers except one As-oxidizer. After growing two months in media with 37.5 mg kg(-1) AsV, As(More)
Arsenic (As) pollution is a global problem, and the plant-based cleanup of contaminated soils, called phytoremediation, is therefore of great interest. Recently, transgenic approaches have been designed to develop As phytoremediation technologies. Here, we used a one-gene transgenic approach for As tolerance and accumulation in Arabidopsis thaliana .(More)