Yanqiu Zhao

Learn More
Lung squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) is a deadly disease for which current treatments are inadequate. We demonstrate that biallelic inactivation of Lkb1 and Pten in the mouse lung leads to SCC that recapitulates the histology, gene expression, and microenvironment found in human disease. Lkb1;Pten null (LP) tumors expressed the squamous markers KRT5, p63 and(More)
Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) have multiple therapeutic potentials for regenerative, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory purposes and also show promise as vehicles for gene therapy of various metastatic cancers based on their tumor-tropic capacity. However, BM-MSCs are also a source of carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) and may(More)
Regulation and function of PI 3K/Akt and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) in doxorubicin-induced cell death were investigated in human lung adenocarcinoma cells. Doxorubicin induced dose-dependent apoptosis of human lung adenocarcinoma NCI-H522 cells. Prior to cell death, both Akt and the MAPK family members (MAPKs: ERK1/2, JNK, and p38) were(More)
BACKGROUND MGr1-antigen (Ag) was previously reported as an upregulated protein in multidrug-resistant (MDR) gastric cancer cells. The aim of this study was to characterize the role of MGr1-Ag in the multidrug resistance of gastric cancer cells. METHODS Laser scanning confocal microscopy (LSCM), two-dimensional electrophoresis, and Western blot were used(More)
Vaccination via a mucosal route is a very attractive means for immunization, because both local and systemic immune responses are inducible and vaccines can be administered easily and safely from infants to elderly persons. For developing widely applicable mucosal vaccines using recombinant cholera toxin B subunit (rCTB) as a safe adjuvant, we examined(More)
To better understand the molecular mechanisms of multidrug resistance (MDR) of human cancers, we isolated differentially expressed genes from drug-resistant human gastric adenocarcinoma cell lines using a polymerase chain reaction-based subtractive hybridization technique. Sixty three genes were identified to be differentially expressed in the(More)
During the preclinical drug discovery process it remains a challenge to enable early elimination of candidate molecules that may have non-specific, off-target activities. Here, we use whole zebrafish embryo assays coupled with genetic analysis to address this issue. PLK1 (Polo-like kinase 1) is one of the key regulators that control mitotic entry, spindle(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy and safety of treatment of pediatric acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) with single-agent arsenic trioxide (ATO). A total of 19 children (< or = 15 years of age) with newly diagnosed APL were treated with single-agent ATO for remission induction and postremission therapy. Seventeen of the children (89.5%)(More)
The differentiation of dental epithelia into enamel-producing ameloblasts or the root epithelial lineage compartmentalizes teeth into crowns and roots. Bmp signaling has been linked to enamel formation, but its role in root epithelial lineage differentiation is unclear. Here we show that cessation of epithelial Bmp signaling by Bmpr1a depletion during the(More)
Phosphoinositide 3-kinase C2alpha (PI3K-C2alpha) is a member of the class II PI-3 kinases, defined by the presence of a second C2 domain at their C termini. The cellular functions of the class II enzymes are incompletely understood, though they have been implicated in receptor activation pathways initiated by epidermal growth factor, insulin, and(More)