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Pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines play an important role in Alzheimer's disease (AD), and common polymorphisms of genes controlling their production have been shown to be associated with the susceptibility to sporadic AD. Interleukin (IL)-18 is a potent pro-inflammatory cytokine of the IL-1 superfamily, and increasing evidences indicate a crucial role(More)
Increasing evidence indicates that the beta2-adrenergic receptor (beta2-AR) may play an important role in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We investigated the effect of two polymorphisms in the beta2-AR gene: Gly16Arg and Gln27Glu for the risk of sporadic Late Onset Alzheimer's Disease (LOAD) in 109 patients and 109 healthy controls matched for sex and age in a(More)
A unique characteristic of neural stem cells is their capacity to track glioma cells that have migrated away from the main tumor mass into the normal brain parenchyma. PEX, a naturally occurring fragment of human metalloproteinase-2, acts as an inhibitor of glioma and endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis. In the present study, we(More)
Because there is no background signal from xenon in biological tissue, and because inhaled xenon is delivered to the brain by blood flow, we would expect a perfusion deficit, such as is seen in stroke, to reduce the xenon concentration in the region of the deficit. Thermal polarization yields negligible xenon signal relative to hyperpolarized xenon;(More)
In hyperpolarized xenon magnetic resonance imaging (HP (129)Xe MRI), the inhaled spin-1/2 isotope of xenon gas is used to generate the MR signal. Because hyperpolarized xenon is an MR signal source with properties very different from those generated from water-protons, HP (129)Xe MRI may yield structural and functional information not detectable by(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate influences of the functional polymorphisms of Cytochrome P450 isozymes 2A6 (CYP2A6), 2B6 (CYP2B6), and 2C9 (CYP2C9) on pharmacokinetics of VPA in vivo. PATIENTS AND METHODS In the study, we analyzed the genotypes of CYP2A6, CYP2B6, and CYP2C9 and their contribution to the steady-state standardized plasma VPA concentrations in 179(More)
The longitudinal relaxation time of hyperpolarized (HP) (129)Xe in the brain is a critical parameter for developing HP (129)Xe brain imaging and spectroscopy and optimizing the pulse sequences, especially in the case of cerebral blood flow measurements. Various studies have produced widely varying estimates of HP (129)Xe T(1) in the rat brain. To make(More)
The role of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in inflammatory bowel disease is controversial, as they have been implicated in disease aggravation. Different from other cyclooxygenase inhibitors, acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) enhances the formation of anti-inflammatory and proresolution lipoxins derived from arachidonic acid as well as resolvins from(More)
Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) represents a reasonable functional and positional candidate gene for Alzheimer's disease (AD) as it is located under the linkage region of AD on chromosome 4q, and is functionally involved in the microglia-mediated inflammatory response and amyloid β (Aβ) clearance. In the current study, 7 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)(More)
The pelvic autonomic nerves innervate the pelvic viscera, and carry a high risk of damage during surgery. This high risk has been ascribed to the complex interrelationship of pelvic paravisceral structures and the difficulty in identifying particular structures, despite the fact that the anatomic characteristics of the pelvic autonomic plexus have been well(More)