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Filamentous fungi have wide applications in biotechnology. The CRISPR/Cas9 system is a powerful genome-editing method that facilitates genetic alterations of genomes in a variety of organisms. However, a genome-editing approach has not been reported in filamentous fungi. Here, we demonstrated the establishment of a CRISPR/Cas9 system in the filamentous(More)
Integration plasmids are often used in constructing chromosomal mutations, as it enables the alternation of genes at any location by integration or replacement. Food-grade integration vectors can integrate into the host genome without introducing any selectable markers or residual bases, and the recombination often happens in non-coding region. In this(More)
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the most frequent form of genetic variations. Non-synonymous SNPs (nsSNPs) occurring in coding region result in single amino acid substitutions that associate with human hereditary diseases. Plenty of approaches were designed for distinguishing deleterious from neutral nsSNPs based on sequence level information.(More)
Emaciation, depression and lethargy were observed in two flocks of Chinese local breed and one flock of commercial layer chicken infected naturally from 2010 to 2011. The aims of this study were to diagnose. Gross observation showed that severe enlargement of liver, spleen and kidney, and hemorrhage of thymus, muscle and glandular stomach in all submitted(More)
BACKGROUND Trichoderma reesei is the preferred organism for producing industrial cellulases. However, a more efficient heterologous expression system for enzymes from different organism is needed to further improve its cellulase mixture. The strong cbh1 promoter of T. reesei is frequently used in heterologous expression, however, the carbon catabolite(More)
The role of muramyl dipeptide (MDP) and tuftsin in oral immune adjustment remains unclear, particularly in a Lactobacillus casei (L. casei) vaccine. To address this, we investigated the effects of different repetitive peptides expressed by L. casei, specifically the MDP and tuftsin fusion protein (MT) repeated 20 and 40 times (20MT and 40MT), in mice also(More)
Avian reticuloendotheliosis virus (REV) infection can induce a runting syndrome, immunosuppression, acute reticulum cell neoplasia and lymphomas in a variety of domestic and wild birds. To evaluate the pathogenicity and oncogenicity of REV-JX0927 that isolated from Chinese partridge, experimental inoculated day-old specific-pathogen-free (SPF) White Leghorn(More)
Xyr1 has been demonstrated to be the main transcription activator of (hemi)cellulases in the well-known cellulase producer Trichoderma reesei. This study comprehensively investigates the genes regulated by Xyr1 through RNA sequencing to produce the transcription profiles of T. reesei Rut-C30 and its xyr1 deletion mutant (Δxyr1), cultured on lignocellulose(More)
To evaluate the immune responses of recombinant Lactobacillus casei 393 expressing Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Viral (PEDV) N protein as oral vaccine, n gene of PEDV was subcloned into the expression vector pPG-1, and then transformed into L. casei 393 by electroporation, resulting in recombinant strain pPG-1-n/L, casei 393. The recombinant strains were(More)
To obtain active protein of pIL-18 expression in Lactococcus lactis, and to observe its biological activity, the total RNA was extracted as template from peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Porcine interleukin 18 (pIL-18) was amplified by RT-PCR. The resulting fragment was cloned into pAMJ399 L. lactis vector, and then transformed to L. lactis MG1363 cells(More)