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The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize and critically appraise the results of 10 years of human laboratory research on pain and sex/gender. An electronic search strategy was designed(More)
This pilot study aimed to explore the validity of the bispectral (BIS) index, the Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool (CPOT) score, and vital signs (mean arterial pressure, heart rate) during rest(More)
This systematic review summarizes the results of 10 years of laboratory research on pain and sex/gender. An electronic search strategy was designed by a medical librarian to access multiple(More)
BACKGROUND Pain assessment is an immense challenge for clinicians, especially in the context of the intensive care unit, where the patient is often unable to communicate verbally. Several methods of(More)