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The pregnane X receptor (PXR) initially isolated as a nuclear receptor regulating xenobiotic and drug metabolism and elimination, seems to play an endobiotic role by affecting lipid homeostasis. In mice, PXR affects lipid homeostasis and increases hepatic deposit of triglycerides. In this study, we show that, in human hepatocyte, PXR activation induces an(More)
Human hepatoma cells may represent a valuable alternative to the use of human hepatocytes for studying hepatic drug transporters, which is now a regulatory issue during drug development. In the present work, we have characterized hepatic drug transporter expression, activity and regulation in human hepatoma HuH-7 cells, in order to determine the potential(More)
Hepatic drug transporters play an important role in pharmacokinetics and drug-drug interactions. Among these membrane transporters, the sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP/SLC10A1), the organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATPs) 1B1 (SLCO1B1), 1B3 (SLCO1B3) and 2B1 (SLCO2B1), the organic anion transporter 2 (OAT2/SLC22A7) and the(More)
Pyrethroids are widely-used chemical insecticides, to which humans are commonly exposed, and known to alter functional expression of drug metabolizing enzymes. Limited data have additionally suggested that drug transporters, that constitute key-actors of the drug detoxification system, may also be targeted by pyrethroids. The present study was therefore(More)
Macrophages represent major cellular targets of various drugs, especially antibiotics and anti-viral drugs. Factors that may govern intracellular accumulation of drugs in these cells, especially those related to activity of drug transporters, are consequently likely important to consider. The present study was therefore designed to extensively characterize(More)
The objective of this study was to characterize cytochrome P450 (CYP) activities in both intestinal and hepatic microsomes from Wistar and Sprague-Dawley rats. Specific probes for measuring CYP activities were selected using rat recombinant CYP. The intestinal microsome preparation was optimized getting a more relevant and reproducible abundance of CYPs to(More)
The concept of metagrammar has been introduced to factorize information contained in a grammar. A metagrammar compiler can then be used to compute an actual grammar from a metagrammar. In this paper, we present a new metagrammar compiler based on 2 important concepts from logic programming, namely (1) the Warren's Abstract Machine and (2) constraints on(More)
Public health and financial aspects of cholecystectomy related bile duct injury (BDI) are highlighted in a National Cholecystectomy Survey carried out through 'datamining' the Federal State Medical Records Summaries and Financial Summaries of all Belgian hospitals in 1997. All cancer diagnoses, children < or = 10 years, cholecystectomies performed as an(More)
This matched cohort study estimates the effect of hospital-acquired bloodstream infection (HA-BSI) on length of stay (LOS) and costs during hospitalisation of 1839 patients (age range <1 to >80 years) gathered from 19 acute hospitals in Belgium. A second objective was to evaluate the impact of the choice of matching criteria. Data from national surveillance(More)
Although Tree Adjoining Grammars (TAG) are widely used for syntactic processing, there is to date no large scale TAG available which also supports semantic construction. In this paper, we present a highly factorised way of implementing a syntax/semantic interface in TAG. We then show how the resulting resource can be used to perform semantic construction(More)