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The pregnane X receptor (PXR) initially isolated as a nuclear receptor regulating xenobiotic and drug metabolism and elimination, seems to play an endobiotic role by affecting lipid homeostasis. In mice, PXR affects lipid homeostasis and increases hepatic deposit of triglycerides. In this study, we show that, in human hepatocyte, PXR activation induces an(More)
  • M. C. Criqui, E. Jamet, Y. Parmentier, J. Marbach, A. Durr, J. Fleck
  • 1992
A cDNA library from freshly isolated protoplasts was differentially screened using cDNAs from mesophyll cells, stressed leaf strips and cell suspension cultures. One of the selected clones, 6P229, turned out to encode a putative polypeptide showing homology to the btuE periplasmic protein of Escherichia coli and to animal selenium-dependent glutathione(More)
Human hepatoma cells may represent a valuable alternative to the use of human hepatocytes for studying hepatic drug transporters, which is now a regulatory issue during drug development. In the present work, we have characterized hepatic drug transporter expression, activity and regulation in human hepatoma HuH-7 cells, in order to determine the potential(More)
Hepatic drug transporters play an important role in pharmacokinetics and drug-drug interactions. Among these membrane transporters, the sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide (NTCP/SLC10A1), the organic anion transporting polypeptides (OATPs) 1B1 (SLCO1B1), 1B3 (SLCO1B3) and 2B1 (SLCO2B1), the organic anion transporter 2 (OAT2/SLC22A7) and the(More)
Macrophages represent major cellular targets of various drugs, especially antibiotics and anti-viral drugs. Factors that may govern intracellular accumulation of drugs in these cells, especially those related to activity of drug transporters, are consequently likely important to consider. The present study was therefore designed to extensively characterize(More)
The concept of metagrammar has been introduced to factorize information contained in a grammar. A metagrammar compiler can then be used to compute an actual grammar from a metagrammar. In this paper, we present a new metagrammar compiler based on 2 important concepts from logic programming, namely (1) the Warren's Abstract Machine and (2) constraints on(More)
The objective of this study was to characterize cytochrome P450 (CYP) activities in both intestinal and hepatic microsomes from Wistar and Sprague-Dawley rats. Specific probes for measuring CYP activities were selected using rat recombinant CYP. The intestinal microsome preparation was optimized getting a more relevant and reproducible abundance of CYPs to(More)
In vivo studies demonstrate that the pancreatic enzymes and the ionic environment in the upper gastrointestinal tract are essential determining factors for transport and absorption of cobalamin in man. Jejunal fluid was aspirated from healthy human volunteers after administration of cyano[57Co]cobalamin preparations. Immunochemical analysis of the aspirates(More)
The unsaturated vitamin B12 binding capacity (UBBC) of serum, the three transcobalamins (TC I, TC II, TC III), and the total leucocyte and neutrophil counts have been studied in paediatric patients with sickle cell disease (SCD). Increase in the level of the binding capacities of TC I and TC II with concomitant increase of UBBC was observed in these(More)
The unsaturated vitamin B12-binding capacity (UB12BC) and the three transcobalamins (TC I, TC II, TC III) have been studied in the serum of normal healthy Nigerian children. The serum UB12BC level was very high in the children: TC I accounted for 39.5% of UB12BC, TC II accounted for 49.5% and TC III accounted for 11%. The results are discussed in the light(More)