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BACKGROUND Hemiplegia and hemiparesis are the most common deficits caused by stroke. A few small clinical trials suggest that fluoxetine enhances motor recovery but its clinical efficacy is unknown. We therefore aimed to investigate whether fluoxetine would enhance motor recovery if given soon after an ischaemic stroke to patients who have motor deficits.(More)
The development of stroke registries has allowed the accumulation of a wealth of data on the descriptive epidemiology of stroke and its evolution in space and in time. For instance, there has been an observed decrease of stroke incidence and mortality in Western Countries during the past 20 years. The use of brain imaging technologies including CT scan and(More)
Although statin therapy has been shown to be effective in the prevention of ischemic stroke, its effect on stroke severity and early outcome is still controversial. We aimed to evaluate the association between statin use before onset and both initial severity and functional outcome in ischemic stroke patients. All cases of first-ever ischemic stroke that(More)
This review aimed to determine the association between periodontal disease and stroke incidence by a meta-analysis of cohort studies. Cohort studies that evaluated the incidence of stroke (fatal or non-fatal, ischaemic or haemorrhagic) and baseline periodontal status and calculated relative risk values were included. The quality of the included studies was(More)
INTRODUCTION The central nervous system involvement has been reported in 20% of cases of primary Sjogrën's syndrome (SS), a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by a disorder of the exocrine glands secondary to progressive lymphocyte infiltration. Classically described neurological manifestations include sensorimotor deficits, aseptic meningitis or(More)
OBJECTIVE Time perception is fundamental for human experience. A topic which has attracted the attention of researchers for long time is how the stimulus sensory modality (e.g., images vs. sounds) affects time judgments. However, so far, no study has directly compared the effect of two sensory modalities using emotional stimuli on time judgments. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND The greatest potential to reduce the burden of stroke is by primary prevention of first-ever stroke, which constitutes three quarters of all stroke. In addition to population-wide prevention strategies (the 'mass' approach), the 'high risk' approach aims to identify individuals at risk of stroke and to modify their risk factors, and risk,(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the risk factors for cervical artery dissection (CEAD), a major cause of ischemic stroke (IS) in young adults. Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, hypercholesterolemia, and obesity are important risk factors for IS. However, their specific role in CEAD is poorly investigated. Our aim was to compare the prevalence of(More)
Although brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a central role in recovery after cerebral ischemia, little is known about cells involved in BDNF production after stroke. The present study testes the hypothesis that neurons are not the unique source of neosynthesized BDNF after stroke and that non neuronal-BDNF producing cells differ according to the(More)
Incidence of intracerebral haemorrhage over the past three decades is reported as stable. This disappointing finding is questionable and suggests that any reduction in intracerebral haemorrhage incidence associated with improvements in primary prevention, namely, better control of blood pressure, might have been offset by an increase in cases of(More)