Learn More
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE With the progress in stroke prevention, it is important to evaluate the epidemiological trends of strokes over a long period and from a nonselected population-based perspective. METHODS We estimated changes in incidence, case-fatality rates, severity, risk factors and prestroke use of preventive treatments for first-ever strokes,(More)
This review aimed to determine the association between periodontal disease and stroke incidence by a meta-analysis of cohort studies. Cohort studies that evaluated the incidence of stroke (fatal or non-fatal, ischaemic or haemorrhagic) and baseline periodontal status and calculated relative risk values were included. The quality of the included studies was(More)
BACKGROUND Hemiplegia and hemiparesis are the most common deficits caused by stroke. A few small clinical trials suggest that fluoxetine enhances motor recovery but its clinical efficacy is unknown. We therefore aimed to investigate whether fluoxetine would enhance motor recovery if given soon after an ischaemic stroke to patients who have motor deficits.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Comparable data on stroke incidence across European countries are lacking because previous studies have used different methods of case ascertainment, different periods of observation, and different age restrictions. METHODS Population-based stroke registers were established in 6 European countries: France (Dijon); Italy (Sesto(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We aimed to evaluate the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels and both clinical severity at admission and outcome at discharge in stroke patients. METHODS From February 2010 to December 2010, consecutive stroke patients admitted to the Department of Neurology of Dijon, France, were identified. Clinical(More)
The development of stroke registries has allowed the accumulation of a wealth of data on the descriptive epidemiology of stroke and its evolution in space and in time. For instance, there has been an observed decrease of stroke incidence and mortality in Western Countries during the past 20 years. The use of brain imaging technologies including CT scan and(More)
Although statin therapy has been shown to be effective in the prevention of ischemic stroke, its effect on stroke severity and early outcome is still controversial. We aimed to evaluate the association between statin use before onset and both initial severity and functional outcome in ischemic stroke patients. All cases of first-ever ischemic stroke that(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE No data about temporal change in the prevalence of poststroke dementia are available. We aimed to evaluate trends in the prevalence of early poststroke dementia. METHODS From 1985 to 2008, overall first-ever strokes occurring within the population of the city of Dijon, France (150 000 inhabitants) were recorded. The presence of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This population-based study aimed to identify unplanned hospitalization within the first year after stroke to determine factors associated with it and consequences on survival. METHODS All first-ever acute strokes occurring in Dijon, France, from 2009 to 2011, were prospectively collected from a population-based registry.(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aimed to investigate the association between clinical and radiological markers of periodontal disease and ischemic stroke and to assess the potential influence of inflammatory response on the observed associations. METHODS A prospective case-control study including a series of 48 cases with a minor ischemic stroke and 47 controls was(More)