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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE With the progress in stroke prevention, it is important to evaluate the epidemiological trends of strokes over a long period and from a nonselected population-based perspective. METHODS We estimated changes in incidence, case-fatality rates, severity, risk factors and prestroke use of preventive treatments for first-ever strokes,(More)
BACKGROUND Hemiplegia and hemiparesis are the most common deficits caused by stroke. A few small clinical trials suggest that fluoxetine enhances motor recovery but its clinical efficacy is unknown. We therefore aimed to investigate whether fluoxetine would enhance motor recovery if given soon after an ischaemic stroke to patients who have motor deficits.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE No data about temporal change in the prevalence of poststroke dementia are available. We aimed to evaluate trends in the prevalence of early poststroke dementia. METHODS From 1985 to 2008, overall first-ever strokes occurring within the population of the city of Dijon, France (150 000 inhabitants) were recorded. The presence of(More)
The development of stroke registries has allowed the accumulation of a wealth of data on the descriptive epidemiology of stroke and its evolution in space and in time. For instance, there has been an observed decrease of stroke incidence and mortality in Western Countries during the past 20 years. The use of brain imaging technologies including CT scan and(More)
Our objective was to investigate the influence of hypertension on N-acetylaspartate (NAA) and choline (Cho) ratios in brain tissues in a community-dwelling elderly population. Brain flexibility was also evaluated with regard to the same metabolite ratios. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and the Trail Making Test (TMT) were performed in 80(More)
Although statin therapy has been shown to be effective in the prevention of ischemic stroke, its effect on stroke severity and early outcome is still controversial. We aimed to evaluate the association between statin use before onset and both initial severity and functional outcome in ischemic stroke patients. All cases of first-ever ischemic stroke that(More)
This review aimed to determine the association between periodontal disease and stroke incidence by a meta-analysis of cohort studies. Cohort studies that evaluated the incidence of stroke (fatal or non-fatal, ischaemic or haemorrhagic) and baseline periodontal status and calculated relative risk values were included. The quality of the included studies was(More)
INTRODUCTION The central nervous system involvement has been reported in 20% of cases of primary Sjogrën's syndrome (SS), a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by a disorder of the exocrine glands secondary to progressive lymphocyte infiltration. Classically described neurological manifestations include sensorimotor deficits, aseptic meningitis or(More)
OBJECTIVE Time perception is fundamental for human experience. A topic which has attracted the attention of researchers for long time is how the stimulus sensory modality (e.g., images vs. sounds) affects time judgments. However, so far, no study has directly compared the effect of two sensory modalities using emotional stimuli on time judgments. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND The greatest potential to reduce the burden of stroke is by primary prevention of first-ever stroke, which constitutes three quarters of all stroke. In addition to population-wide prevention strategies (the 'mass' approach), the 'high risk' approach aims to identify individuals at risk of stroke and to modify their risk factors, and risk,(More)