Yanni Papanikolaou

Learn More
Transient hyperglycaemia, consistent with that observed with normal meal ingestion, may be detrimental to cognitive performance in adults with type 2 diabetes. This study determined whether minimising the postprandial increase in blood glucose through the ingestion of low- rather than high-glycaemic-index (GI) carbohydrate meals differentially affected(More)
BACKGROUND The American Heart Association's Strategic Impact Goal Through 2020 and Beyond recommends ≥ two 3.5-oz fish servings per week (preferably oily fish) partly to increase intake of omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). We examined the intake of total fish, fish high in omega-3 fatty acids, α-linolenic acid,(More)
BACKGROUND Epidemiological studies have shown positive findings associated with legume consumption and measures of cardiovascular disease and obesity. However, few observational trials have examined beans as a separate food variable when determining associations with health parameters. OBJECTIVE To determine the association of consuming beans on nutrient(More)
Using total nutrient intake from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2010, we determined usual nutrient intakes in non-Hispanic Black and non-Hispanic White children and adults. Mean usual intakes for calcium; phosphorus; magnesium; and vitamins A, C, and D for non-Hispanic Black children and adults were significantly lower across ages(More)
Inflammatory markers predict memory dysfunction in elderly patients, but their contribution to memory deficits in adults with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is less well understood. The present study determined whether specific single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the promoter region of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) predict verbal memory in older(More)
© 2014 Papanikolaou et al.; licensee BioMed C Creative Commons Attribution License (http:/ distribution, and reproduction in any medium Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecom article, unless otherwise stated. We also noted that the third paragraph of the Discussion states that our data shows daily consumption of EPA and DHA of 0.41 g and 0.72 g,(More)
BACKGROUND Hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC) is a modified cellulose fiber that creates a viscous solution in the gastrointestinal tract. The present study examined the dose-response characteristics of high-viscosity (HV)-HPMC consumption on postprandial glucose and insulin levels in men and women at increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS(More)
Objective: The goal of this study was to identify commonly consumed grain food patterns in US adults (≥19 years old; N = 14,384) and compare nutrient intakes, with focus on 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines’ shortfall nutrients, diet quality, and health parameters of those consuming various grain food patterns to those not consuming grains. Methods: This study(More)
BACKGROUND The present study identified the most commonly consumed grain food patterns in US children and adolescents (2-18 years-old; N = 8,367) relative to those not consuming grains and compared diet quality and nutrient intakes, with focus on 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (2015-2020 DGA) shortfall nutrients. METHODS Cluster analysis using(More)
Grain foods may play an important role in delivering nutrients to the diet of children and adolescents. The present study determined grain food sources of energy/nutrients in U.S. children and adolescents using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2009-2012. Analyses of grain food sources were conducted using a 24-h recall in(More)