Yann-Jang Chen

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Although low-density culture provides an efficient method for rapid expansion of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), MSCs enriched by this method undergo senescence and lose their stem cell properties, which could be preserved by combining low-density and hypoxic culture. The mechanism was mediated through direct down-regulation of E2A-p21 by the(More)
Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is an extremely malignant neoplasm in the central nervous system (CNS) which occurs in infancy and childhood. Recent studies suggested that CD133 could be considered a marker for brain cancer stem-like cells (CSCs). However, the role of CD133 in AT/RT has never been investigated. Herein we report the isolation of(More)
PURPOSE CD133 has recently been proposed as a marker for cancer stem-like cells (CSC) in brain tumors. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible role of resveratrol (RV) in radiosensitivity of CD133-positive/-negative cells derived from atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (AT/RT-CD133(+/-)). MATERIALS AND METHODS AT/RT-CD133(+/-) were(More)
Five osteosarcoma (OS) cell lines, 37 OS tumors and 9 corresponding non-neoplastic samples were genotyped by Affymetrix 10 K 2.0 SNP array. Regions of high level amplification and homozygous deletion were identified and validated by quantitative PCR and FISH. Certain recurrent cytogenetic alterations were more frequent in recurrent/metastatic than in(More)
Resveratrol (RV), a natural polyphenol derived from red wine, recently showed the potential of anticancer and radiosensitizing effects. A recent study has suggested that the cancer stem cells (CSCs) may reflect the clinical refractory malignancy of brain tumors, including medulloblastoma (MB). The aim of the present study is to investigate the possible role(More)
An 11-year-old girl presented with the phenotype of microcephaly, moderate mental retardation, motor retardation, short stature, strabismus, brachydactyly, and facial dysmorphism. She had undergone surgery for inguinal hernias. Detailed examinations of the heart and other internal organs revealed normal findings. Her karyotype was 46,XX,dup(5)(q35.2q35.3)(More)
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are able to self-renew and are refractory to cancer treatment. To investigate the effects of resveratrol on CSCs of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), we employed a behavior selection strategy to isolate CSCs based on radioresistance, chemoresistance, and tumor sphere formation ability. These NPC CSCs displayed stem cell properties and(More)
Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) is a neoplasm composed chiefly of HMB-45-positive epithelioid cells with clear to granular cytoplasm and a perivascular distribution. Such tumors have been reported in different organs under a variety of designations. The cytogenetic features of these neoplasms have not been well studied. We collected 9 tumors (5(More)
Mammalian aging of many tissues is associated with a decline in the replicative and functional capacity of somatic stem cells. Understanding the basis of this decline is a major goal of aging research. Human bone marrow-derived multipotent stromal cells (MSCs) have been applied in the treatment of fracture nonunion. Clinical application of MSCs requires(More)
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a common malignancy, the incidence of which is particularly high in some Asian countries due to the geographically linked areca quid (AQ) chewing habit. In this study, array-based comparative genomic hybridization was used to screen microdissected OSCCs for genome-wide alterations. The highest frequencies of gene gain(More)