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Although low-density culture provides an efficient method for rapid expansion of human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), MSCs enriched by this method undergo senescence and lose their stem cell properties, which could be preserved by combining low-density and hypoxic culture. The mechanism was mediated through direct down-regulation of E2A-p21 by the(More)
Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) is an extremely malignant neoplasm in the central nervous system (CNS) which occurs in infancy and childhood. Recent studies suggested that CD133 could be considered a marker for brain cancer stem-like cells (CSCs). However, the role of CD133 in AT/RT has never been investigated. Herein we report the isolation of(More)
Perivascular epithelioid cell tumor (PEComa) is a neoplasm composed chiefly of HMB-45-positive epithelioid cells with clear to granular cytoplasm and a perivascular distribution. Such tumors have been reported in different organs under a variety of designations. The cytogenetic features of these neoplasms have not been well studied. We collected 9 tumors (5(More)
Hepatic adenoma (HA) and focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) are two common non-malignant tumors of the liver. Genomic analysis on these benign lesions may shed light on the genetic mechanism underlying liver carcinogenesis. We used comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) to evaluate genomic changes in eight cases of HA and six cases of FNH, obtained by(More)
Mammalian aging of many tissues is associated with a decline in the replicative and functional capacity of somatic stem cells. Understanding the basis of this decline is a major goal of aging research. Human bone marrow-derived multipotent stromal cells (MSCs) have been applied in the treatment of fracture nonunion. Clinical application of MSCs requires(More)
Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a common worldwide malignancy. However, it is unclear what, if any, genomic alterations occur as the disease progresses to invasive and metastatic OSCC. This study used genomewide array-CGH in microdissected specimens to map genetic alterations found in primary OSCC and neck lymph node metastases. We used array-based(More)
During liver regeneration, hepatocytes sense the damage and initiate proliferation of the quiescent cells through poorly understood mechanisms. Here, we have used cultured hepatic cells to study the roles played by intercellular calcium in mediating wound-healing processes. Well-differentiated and polarized Hep-G2 cells repaired an experimentally induced(More)
UNLABELLED Recurrent cancer genome aberrations are indicators of residing crucial cancer genes. Although recent advances in genomic technologies have led to a global view of cancer genome aberrations, the identification of target genes and biomarkers from the aberrant loci remains difficult. To facilitate searches of cancer genes in human hepatocellular(More)
PURPOSE CD133 has recently been proposed as a marker for cancer stem-like cells (CSC) in brain tumors. The aim of the present study was to investigate the possible role of resveratrol (RV) in radiosensitivity of CD133-positive/-negative cells derived from atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (AT/RT-CD133(+/-)). MATERIALS AND METHODS AT/RT-CD133(+/-) were(More)
BACKGROUND Viral gastroenteritis is a common acute infectious disease in infants and young children. This study compared the incidence and clinical features of childhood norovirus (NV) and rotavirus (RV) gastroenteritis in Taiwan. METHODS Stool specimens were collected from children with acute gastroenteritis aged 6 months to 14 years who were treated at(More)