Yann Echelard

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We have identified three members of a mouse gene family related to the Drosophila segment polarity gene, hedgehog (hh). Like hh, they encode putative secreted proteins and are thus implicated in cell-cell interactions. One of these, Sonic hh (Shh), is expressed in the notochord, the floor plate, and the zone of polarizing activity, signaling centers that(More)
The protooncogene Wnt-1 encodes a short-range signal which is first expressed in, and appears to demarcate, the presumptive midbrain. Absence of Wnt-1 expression leads to the loss of this region of the brain. By the end of neural tube closure, expression of Wnt-1 extends down much of the dorsal midline of the central nervous system (CNS). Expression is(More)
In this study we investigate the molecular mechanisms that are responsible for the restricted expression of Wnt-1 during embryogenesis. We report that a single homeodomain binding site, HBS1, within the Wnt-1 enhancer contributes to appropriate spatial expression of Wnt-1 in the developing nervous system. This HBS1 site may be required for repressing Wnt-1(More)
In this study, we demonstrate the production of transgenic goats by nuclear transfer of fetal somatic cells. Donor karyoplasts were obtained from a primary fetal somatic cell line derived from a 40-day transgenic female fetus produced by artificial insemination of a nontransgenic adult female with semen from a transgenic male. Live offspring were produced(More)
Transplantation of spermatogonial stem cells into syngeneic or immunosuppressed recipient mice or rats can result in donor-derived spermatogenesis and fertility. Recently, this approach has been employed to introduce a transgene into the male germline. Germ-cell transplantation in species other than laboratory rodents, if successful, holds great promise as(More)
The generation of anterior-posterior polarity in the vertebrate brain requires the establishment of regional domains of gene expression at early somite stages. Wnt-1 encodes a signal that is expressed in the developing midbrain and is essential for midbrain and anterior hindbrain development. Previous work identified a 5.5 kilobase region located downstream(More)
Wnt-1 encodes a secreted signaling molecule which is required for development of the midbrain and anterior hindbrain in the mouse. Wnt-1 expression is initiated early in the development of the central nervous system in a region predicted to give rise to the midbrain. Later in development Wnt-1 expression is restricted to regions of the forebrain, midbrain,(More)
Recombinant antibodies and their derivatives are increasingly being used as therapeutic agents. Clinical applications of antibodies often require large amounts of highly purified molecules, sometimes for multiple treatments. The development of very efficient expression systems is essential to the full exploitation of the antibody technology. Production of(More)
BACKGROUND Organizing signals such as Sonic hedgehog are thought to specify neuronal subtype identity by regulating the expression of homeodomain proteins in progenitors of the embryonic neural tube. One of these, Nkx2.2, is necessary and sufficient for the development of V3 interneurons. RESULTS We report that Olig genes, encoding basic helix-loop-helix(More)
DNA of plasmid pSAS1002TH (F' ilv+ hemD+ hemC+ cya+) was used to clone the hemD gene of Escherichia coli K-12. Due to poor transformability of the heme-deficient mutants, the restriction fragments of the F' plasmid were first cloned into a mobilizable derivative of pBR322, pSAS1211LP, which was then mobilized into a hemD recA mutant (E. coli SASX419AN). One(More)