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We have identified three members of a mouse gene family related to the Drosophila segment polarity gene, hedgehog (hh). Like hh, they encode putative secreted proteins and are thus implicated in cell-cell interactions. One of these, Sonic hh (Shh), is expressed in the notochord, the floor plate, and the zone of polarizing activity, signaling centers that(More)
BACKGROUND Organizing signals such as Sonic hedgehog are thought to specify neuronal subtype identity by regulating the expression of homeodomain proteins in progenitors of the embryonic neural tube. One of these, Nkx2.2, is necessary and sufficient for the development of V3 interneurons. RESULTS We report that Olig genes, encoding basic helix-loop-helix(More)
Mammalian nervous system function involves billions of neurons which are interconnected in a multitude of neural circuits. Here we describe a genetic approach to chart neural circuits. By using an olfactory-specific promoter, we selectively expressed barley lectin in sensory neurons in the olfactory epithelium and vomeronasal organ of transgenic mice. The(More)
In this study we investigate the molecular mechanisms that are responsible for the restricted expression of Wnt-1 during embryogenesis. We report that a single homeodomain binding site, HBS1, within the Wnt-1 enhancer contributes to appropriate spatial expression of Wnt-1 in the developing nervous system. This HBS1 site may be required for repressing Wnt-1(More)
The protooncogene Wnt-1 encodes a short-range signal which is first expressed in, and appears to demarcate, the presumptive midbrain. Absence of Wnt-1 expression leads to the loss of this region of the brain. By the end of neural tube closure, expression of Wnt-1 extends down much of the dorsal midline of the central nervous system (CNS). Expression is(More)
Leptomeningeal glioneuronal heterotopias are a focal type of cortical dysplasia in which neural cells migrate aberrantly into superficial layers of the cerebral cortex and meninges. These heterotopias are frequently observed as microscopic abnormalities in the brains of individuals with central nervous system (CNS) malformations and epilepsy. Previous work(More)
The effect of homozygotic Wnt-1-/- mutations on the development of ocular motoneurons was examined with the lipophilic dye DiI and compared to control and phenotypic wild-type mouse embryos. A piece of DiI-soaked filter paper was inserted into the orbit, the midbrain, or rhombomere 5 of the hindbrain in six paraformaldehyde-fixed litters (10.5, 12.5, and(More)
The efficiency of germ cell transplantation, the procedure of transferring germ cells from a donor male into the testes of recipient males, can be greatly increased by reduction of endogenous germ cells in recipient animals. To develop effective methods for suppression of endogenous spermatogenesis in potential pig and goat recipients, we either(More)
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