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BACKGROUND Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the etiological agent of tuberculosis (TB), has the ability to persist in its human host for exceptionally long periods of time. However, little is known about the location of the bacilli in latently infected individuals. Long-term mycobacterial persistence in the lungs has been reported, but this may not sufficiently(More)
Phospholipases C play a role in the pathogenesis of several bacteria. Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis, possesses four genes encoding putative phospholipases C, plcA, plcB, plcC and plcD. However, the contribution of these genes to virulence is unknown. We constructed four single mutants of M. tuberculosis each inactivated in(More)
The cell envelope of pathogenic mycobacteria is highly distinctive in that it contains a large number of structurally related very long multiple methyl-branched fatty acids. These complex molecules are thought to play important roles in cell envelope organization and virulence. The genetic and enzymic characterization of the polyketide synthase Mas, which(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis and other pathogenic mycobacterial species produce large amounts of a glycogen-like alpha-glucan that represents the major polysaccharide of their outermost capsular layer. To determine the role of the surface-exposed glucan in the physiology and virulence of these bacteria, orthologues of the glg genes involved in the(More)
Lipids that are uniquely found in the cell envelope of pathogenic mycobacteria, such as those containing multiple methyl-branched long-chain fatty acids, have long been thought to play a role in host-pathogen interactions. The recent construction by Dubey et al. (2002) Mol Microbiol 45: 1451-1459, of a Mycobacterium tuberculosis mutant that is deficient in(More)
We recently showed that treatment of macrophages prior to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection with the pro-inflammatory omega-6 lipid, arachidonic acid (AA) enhanced bacterial killing whereas the anti-inflammatory, omega-3 lipid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) stimulated bacterial growth. Here we tested if these effects were depending on when lipids were added(More)
Langerin is a C-type lectin expressed by a subset of dendritic leukocytes, the Langerhans cells (LC). Langerin is a cell surface receptor that induces the formation of an LC-specific organelle, the Birbeck granule (BG). We generated a langerin(-/-) mouse on a C57BL/6 background which did not display any macroscopic aberrant development. In the absence of(More)
The Mycobacterium tuberculosis phoP mutant strain SO2 has previously been shown to have reduced multiplication in mouse macrophages and in vivo using the mouse intravenous-infection model. In this study we demonstrate that the M. tuberculosis SO2 is highly attenuated when compared with the parental M. tuberculosis MT103 strain and also more attenuated than(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Choline analogues, a new type of antimalarials, exert potent in vitro and in vivo antimalarial activity. This has given rise to albitiazolium, which is currently in phase II clinical trials to cure severe malaria. Here we dissected its mechanism of action step by step from choline entry into the infected erythrocyte to its effect on(More)
Cell envelope lipids play an important role in the pathogenicity of mycobacteria, but the mechanisms by which they are transported to the outer membrane of these prokaryotes are largely unknown. Here, we provide evidence that LppX is a lipoprotein required for the translocation of complex lipids, the phthiocerol dimycocerosates (DIM), to the outer membrane(More)