Learn More
Organic photovoltaic devices that can be fabricated by simple processing techniques are under intense investigation in academic and industrial laboratories because of their potential to enable mass production of flexible and cost-effective devices. Most of the attention has been focused on solution-processed polymer bulk-heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells. A(More)
OBJECTIVES Undiagnosed HIV presents great potential for the spread of infection. The authors identify the prevalence and correlates of never testing and being unaware of HIV infection in Beijing men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS Cross-sectional biological and behavioural survey using respondent-driven sampling; 500 MSM were included. RESULTS HIV(More)
We assessed HIV prevalence and associated behaviors and risk factors among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Beijing, China. Five hundred MSM were recruited for a biological and behavioral survey using respondent-driven sampling (RDS) in 2009. Serologic specimens were tested for markers of HIV and syphilis infection. A computer-assisted personal interview(More)
The lysosomal escape of nanoparticles is crucial to enhancing their delivery and therapeutic efficiency. Here, we report the cellular uptake mechanism, lysosomal escape, and organelle morphology effect of monomethoxy (polyethylene glycol)-poly (D,L-lactide-co-glycolide)-poly (L-lysine) (mPEG-PLGA-PLL, PEAL) and 4-O-beta-D-Galactopyranosyl-D-gluconic acid(More)
A field micro-plot experiment for winter wheat was conducted in an irrigated winter wheat (Triticum aestivum)-summer maize (Zea mays L.) rotation system in Mazhuang, Xinji of Hebei province in the North China Plain, using the 15N isotope method to determine the effects of N application (rates and timing), and irrigation frequency on urea-15N fate,(More)
This study assessed the changes of HIV incidence and its predictors among Beijing's men who have sex with men (MSM). Three consecutive cross-sectional surveys were carried out using a consistent respondent-driven sampling (RDS) approach in 2009, 2010, and 2011, respectively. Structured-questionnaire based interviews were completed with computer-assisted(More)
DNA vaccines expressing Haemonchus contortus H11 antigen with or without interleukin (IL)-2 were tested for protection against H. contortus infection in goats. Sixteen goats (8-10 months of age) were allocated into four trial groups. On days 0 and 14, group 1 was immunised with a DNA vaccine expressing H11 and IL-2 and group 2 was immunised with a DNA(More)
BHJ solar cells are typically fabricated with a transparent conductive anode (e.g. indium tin oxide, ITO), a low-work-function metal cathode (e.g., Al, Ca), and an active layer (a mixture of conjugated polymer and fullerene derivative) sandwiched between the anode and cathode. The BHJ layer and cathode dramatically affect the stability. In particular, the(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have used standardized alcohol use measures among men who have sex with men in China. METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted among MSM in Beijing. A computer-assisted self-administered questionnaire was used to collect demographics, risk behaviors the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT). AUDIT uses a cutoff(More)
However, for large-scale commercialization, further improvements in PCE and stability are needed. A BHJ polymer solar cell generally consists of a transparent anode (typically indium tin oxide, ITO), a BHJ active layer (a mixture of donor polymer and fullerene acceptor), and a cathode (e.g., Al or Ca). Anode/cathode interfacial layers are used as charge(More)