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In plants, basic leucine zipper (bZIP) proteins regulate numerous biological processes such as seed maturation, flower and vascular development, stress signalling and pathogen defence. We have carried out a genome-wide identification and analysis of 125 bZIP genes that exist in the maize genome, encoding 170 distinct bZIP proteins. This family can be(More)
Eukaryotic protein kinases (ePKs) evolved as a family of highly dynamic molecular switches that serve to orchestrate the activity of almost all cellular processes. Some of the functionally characterized ePKs from plants have been found to be components of signaling networks, such as those for the perception of biotic agents, light quality and quantity,(More)
Food production and water use are closely linked processes and, as competition for water intensifies, water must be used more efficiently in food production worldwide. A field experiment with wither wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.), involving six irrigation treatments (from rain-fed to 5 irrigation applications), was maintained in the North China Plain (NCP)(More)
Ischemic postconditioning, a series of mechanical interruptions of blood flow immediately after reperfusion, has been described in brain studies. However, hypoxic postconditioning (HPC) has never been reported in transient global cerebral ischemia (tGCI) adult rat model. The purpose of this study is to explore the effects of neuroprotection by delayed HPC(More)
Plants respond to survive under water deficit conditions via turning on or off a series of genes that further alter plant physiology and morphology, which allows a plant to tolerate, escape or avoid drought stress. These gene products are either functional (such as aquaporins and the enzymes of osmoprotectant biosynthesis) or regulatory (such as protein(More)
Adriamycin is a widely used antitumor antibiotic, but its use has been limited by its cytotoxicity in both cardiomyocytes and non-cardiac tissues. While adriamycin's ability to redox cycle via one-electron transfer reactions and generate ROS is thought to promote cardiotoxicity, the mechanisms involved in non-cardiac tissue injury are not clear. Here we(More)
Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) transplanted along with autologous adipose tissue may improve fat graft survival; however, the efficacy of ASCs has been diluted by low vascularization. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) may improve the effects of ASCs because it owns the property to boost(More)
The susceptibility of macrophages to HIV-1 infection is modulated during monocyte differentiation. IL-27 is an anti-HIV cytokine that also modulates monocyte activation. In this study, we present new evidence that IL-27 promotes monocyte differentiation into macrophages that are nonpermissive for HIV-1 infection. Although IL-27 treatment does not affect(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate relative indications for three different surgical techniques used in total ear reconstruction. METHODS A total of 1864 cases requiring complete ear reconstruction were performed. In 1485 cases reconstruction was effected by skin expansion and subsequent grafting of autogenous rib cartilage frameworks. In 355 cases skin expansion(More)
A series of well-defined diblock copolymers, poly(ethylene oxide)-block-poly(4-vinylpyridine) (PEO-b-P4VP) used as physical coating of capillaries, were synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). EOF measurement results showed that all synthesized PEO-b-P4VP diblock copolymer-coated capillaries in this report could suppress EOF effectively(More)