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Apoptosis is an essential step in cavitation during embryonic epithelial morphogenesis, but its mechanisms are largely unknown. In this paper, we used embryonic stem cell-differentiated embryoid bodies (EBs) as a model and found that Bnip3 (Bcl-2/adenovirus E1B 19-kD interacting protein), a BH3-only proapoptotic protein, was highly up-regulated during(More)
GATA-6 is a zinc-finger transcription factor essential for early embryogenesis. Ablation of GATA-6 in mice impairs endoderm differentiation and causes apoptosis of epiblast cells. The endoderm defects have been attributed to the loss of HNF4, disabled-2, and GATA-4. However, the mechanisms underlying epiblast apoptosis are unclear. In this study we used(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to determine the role of Cdc42 in embryonic vasculogenesis and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS By using genetically modified mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells, we demonstrate that ablation of the Rho GTPase Cdc42 blocks vascular network assembly during embryoid body (EB) vasculogenesis without affecting(More)
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