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The intent of this study was to evaluate the active defense reaction of mouse mammary epithelial cells and the cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory properties of taurine to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced disfunction in mouse mammary epithelial cells. (1) Primary cultured mouse mammary epithelial cells were stimulated with LPS for 24 h (final(More)
The retinoids, a group of natural or synthetic derivatives of vitamin A, exert various anti-neoplastic and immunomodulatory actions. Recent studies have demonstrated that retinoic acid protects rats against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced mastitis, but the mechanism of action is unclear. In the present study, an LPS-induced rat mastitis model and primary(More)
The betaine-stimulated differential synthesis of vitamin B(12), i.e., the increase in B(12) per increase in dry cell weight, by Pseudomonas denitrificans was inhibited by rifampin and chloramphenicol but not by benzylpenicillin and carbenicillin at concentrations of antibiotic that inhibit growth. The level of the first enzyme of corrin (and porphyrin)(More)
The conversion of 16 alpha-methyl-Reichstein's compound S 21-acetate (I) to 16 alpha-methyl-hydrocortisone (II) by the mycelium Curvularia lunata AS3.4381 was studied. Maximal 11 beta-hydroxylating activity of the mycelium was found during cultivation of the microorganism by 24h. Inhibition of the ethanol to the 11 beta-hydroxylating activity was obvious.(More)
Two kinds of micro-organism, Arthrobacter sp. AX86(1,4-dehdrogenator) and Absidia sp. A28(11 alpha-hydroxylator) were used in this experiment. Two different fermentation techniques were performed to accomplish the multiple conversional reactions for producing 16 beta-methyl-11 alpha,17 alpha,21-trihydroxy-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione(III) from 16(More)
An Absidia sp. 28 strain was shown to have higher activity of 11 alpha-hydroxylation using 16 beta-methyl-17 alpha,21-dihydroxy-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dione as a substrate. It was found that 21-acetylization of substrate could increase 11 alpha-hydroxylation rate conspicuously. The yield of the 11 alpha-hydroxylation by this strain was 73% in the conversion(More)
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