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The cytopathic infection of primary astrocytes with ts1, a neuroimmunopathogenic mutant of Moloney murine leukemia virus (MuLV), has been correlated to intracellular accumulation of viral precursor envelope protein gPr80env. To further study this specific virus-astrocyte interaction in a homogenous population, several immortal astrocyte lines were(More)
Selenium is known for its antioxidant properties, making selenoproteins candidate molecules for mitigation of neurological disorders in which oxidative stress has been implicated. The selenium transport protein, selenoprotein P, is essential for neuronal survival and function. We sought to determine whether selenoprotein P expression is associated with(More)
Both preischemic hyperglycemia and suppression of SOD2 activity aggravate ischemic brain damage. This study was undertaken to assess the effect of SOD2 mutation on ischemic brain damage and its relation to the factors involved in autophagy regulation in hyperglycemic wild-type (WT) and heterozygous SOD2 knockout (SOD2(-/+)) mice subjected to 30-min(More)
The goal of our studies was to characterize the interrelationship between extracellular matrix organization and fibroblast proliferation in response to growth factors. We compared fibroblasts in monolayer culture with cells in contracted collagen matrices that were mechanically stressed or relaxed. In response to platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), DNA(More)
Identification of pathogen-inducible promoters largely lags behind cloning of the genes for disease resistance. Here, we cloned the soybean GmaPPO12 gene and found that it was rapidly and strongly induced by Phytophthorasojae infection. Computational analysis revealed that its promoter contained many known cis-elements, including several defense related(More)
Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP), an important factor in the pathogenesis of humoral hypercalcemia of malignancy, is produced by many normal tissues, including the skin, where it regulates keratinocyte growth and differentiation and dermal fibroblast function. Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF), a member of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF)(More)
The estrogen-treated golden Syrian hamster has been used as an experimental model for estrogen-induced and estrogen-dependent cancers, but pathways to neoplastic transformation remain unknown in this animal. Metabolism of estrogens to activated or reactive compounds, followed by subsequent oxidative damage to the target tissue, remains a potential step in(More)
Both preischemic hyperglycemia and reduction of manganese superoxide dismutase activity are known to enhance neuronal death induced by transient cerebral ischemia. Transcriptional factor hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) regulates multiple downstream genes that modulate cell metabolism, survival, death, angiogenesis, hematopoiesis, and other functions. The(More)
Ethanol (ETOH) administered acutely to castrate male rats caused a decline in pituitary luteinizing hormone (LH) and prolactin (PRL) secretion. This was associated with an elevation in hypothalamic and median eminence stores of dopamine (DA) that was related to the dose of alcohol given. Pituitary stalk transection (PST) resulted in a significant rise in(More)
Gossypolone, a proposed major metabolite of gossypol, was synthesized and investigated for its effect on progesterone synthesis in cultured bovine luteal cells. Gossypolone inhibited human chorionic gonadotropin(hCG)-stimulated progesterone secretion, reduced substrate-enhanced conversions of 25-hydroxycholesterol to pregnenolone and of pregnenolone to(More)