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Sesuvium portulacastrum, a mangrove plant from seashore, is a halophyte species well adapted to salinity and drought. Some efforts have been made to describe its physiological and structural characteristics on salt and drought-tolerance, but the underlying molecular mechanism and key components have not yet been identified. Here, a fructose-1,6-bisphosphate(More)
Comprehensive identification of somatic structural variations (SVs) and understanding their mutational mechanisms in cancer might contribute to understanding biological differences and help to identify new therapeutic targets. Unfortunately, characterization of complex SVs across the whole genome and the mutational mechanisms underlying esophageal squamous(More)
Silicosis is a serious occupational disease characterized by lung fibrosis that is caused by long-term inhalation of silica-containing fine particles. Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and LPA1/3 plays a role in lung fibrosis. Until recently, there has been little research investigating the role of LPA and LPA receptors (LPAR) in silica-induced development of(More)
OBJECTIVES Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) may induce autophagy, apoptosis, necrosis or proliferation of cultured endothelial cells depending on the concentration and exposure time. Our previous studies found that ox-LDL exposure for 6 h increases the autophagic level of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in a concentration-dependent(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is a major cause of brain injury and mortality; delayed neurological syndrome (DNS) is encountered in survivors of acute CO exposure. The toxic effects of CO have been attributed to oxidative stress induced by hypoxia. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is the inducible heme oxygenase isoform, and its induction acts as an important(More)
BACKGROUND Autophagy has been found to be involved in animal and cell models of atherosclerosis, but to date, it lacks general observation in human atherosclerotic plaques. Here, we investigated autophagy in smooth muscle cells (SMCs), endothelial cells (ECs), and macrophages in human atherosclerotic plaques via transmission electron microscopy (TEM),(More)
Identification of species has long been done by phenotype-based methodologies. Recently, genotype-based species identification has been shown to be possible by way of Genome profiling, which is based on a temperature gradient gel electrophoresis (TGGE) analysis of random PCR products. However, the results, though sufficient in information, provided by(More)
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein- (Ox-LDL-) induced autophagy dysfunction in human vascular endothelial cells contributes to the development of atherosclerosis (AS). Resveratrol (RSV) protects against Ox-LDL-induced endothelium injury. The objective of this study was to determine the mechanisms underlying Ox-LDL-induced autophagy dysfunction and(More)
Gliadins are the major components of storage proteins in wheat grains, and they play an essential role in the dough extensibility and nutritional quality of flour. Because of the large number of the gliadin family members, the high level of sequence identity, and the lack of abundant genomic data for Triticum species, identifying the full complement of(More)
Green vegetables are thought to have a chemoprotective effect on the basis of epidemiologic evidence. This study investigated whether chlorophyllin (CHL) could induce antioxidant enzymes and confer protection against oxidative damage. The results showed that CHL could induce HO-1 and NQO1 expression in human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) in a(More)