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In both genetic and idiopathic forms of Parkinson's disease (PD), considerable evidence supports the involvement of alpha-synuclein, electron transport chain complex I, protein aggregation, and the ubiquitin-proteasome system. To investigate alterations in the transcription of genes that comprise these pathways, we performed gene expression profiling and(More)
Circadian disruptions may result in sleep problems, oxidative stress and an altered inflammatory response. These symptoms may contribute to PD pathogenesis, despite a lack of direct experimental evidence supporting this relationship. Clock genes are essential to drive and maintain circadian rhythm. To elucidate the possible role of circadian disruptions in(More)
Due to greater demands for hydrocarbons and improvements in drilling technology, development of oil and natural gas in some regions of the United States has increased dramatically. A 1.4 ha natural gas well pad was constructed in an intermittent stream channel at the Alto Experimental Watersheds in East Texas, USA (F1), while another 1.1 ha well pad was(More)
Striatum is an important brain area whose function is related to motor, emotion and motivation. Interestingly, biological and physiological circadian rhythms have been found in the striatum extensively, suggesting molecular clock machinery works efficiently therein. However, the striatal expression profiles of clock genes have not been characterized(More)
Despite prolongation of the QTc interval in humans during cerebral ischemia, little is known about the mechanisms that underlie these actions. Cerebral ischemic model was established by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 24 h. In rat ventricular myocytes, the effect of cerebral ischemia on action potential duration (APD) and underlying(More)
The aims of this study were to determine (i) whether striatal neuropeptides (dynorphin, enkephalin 1, substance P, cholecystokinin) and dopamine receptors 1 and 2 (D1r and D2r) are regulated by the molecular clock; and (ii) when their oscillations start after birth. Twenty-four-hour mRNA oscillations of these genes were evaluated in the mouse striatum at(More)
Unlike many other human solid tumors, ovarian tumors express many epithelial markers at a high level for cell growth and local invasion. The phosphoprotein Pinin plays a key role in epithelial cell identity. We showed that clinical ovarian tumors and ovarian cancer cell lines express a high level of Pinin when compared with normal ovarian tissues and(More)
DNA methylation of a CpG island located in intron 1 of the α-synuclein gene (SNCA) has been reported to play an essential role in the regulation of α-synuclein transcription, and probably has a close association with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, there is no simple and cost effective method to quantify DNA methylation in this region. Additionally,(More)
Automatic seizure detection technology is of great significance for long-term electroencephalogram (EEG) monitoring of epilepsy patients. The aim of this work is to develop a seizure detection system with high accuracy. The proposed system was mainly based on multifractal analysis, which describes the local singular behavior of fractal objects and(More)