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In both genetic and idiopathic forms of Parkinson's disease (PD), considerable evidence supports the involvement of alpha-synuclein, electron transport chain complex I, protein aggregation, and the ubiquitin-proteasome system. To investigate alterations in the transcription of genes that comprise these pathways, we performed gene expression profiling and(More)
Circadian disruptions may result in sleep problems, oxidative stress and an altered inflammatory response. These symptoms may contribute to PD pathogenesis, despite a lack of direct experimental evidence supporting this relationship. Clock genes are essential to drive and maintain circadian rhythm. To elucidate the possible role of circadian disruptions in(More)
Due to greater demands for hydrocarbons and improvements in drilling technology, development of oil and natural gas in some regions of the United States has increased dramatically. A 1.4 ha natural gas well pad was constructed in an intermittent stream channel at the Alto Experimental Watersheds in East Texas, USA (F1), while another 1.1 ha well pad was(More)
Striatum is an important brain area whose function is related to motor, emotion and motivation. Interestingly, biological and physiological circadian rhythms have been found in the striatum extensively, suggesting molecular clock machinery works efficiently therein. However, the striatal expression profiles of clock genes have not been characterized(More)
Despite prolongation of the QTc interval in humans during cerebral ischemia, little is known about the mechanisms that underlie these actions. Cerebral ischemic model was established by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 24 h. In rat ventricular myocytes, the effect of cerebral ischemia on action potential duration (APD) and underlying(More)
Android phones come with a host of hardware components embedded in them, such as Camera, Media Player and Sensor. Most of these components are exclusive resources or resources consuming more memory/energy than general. And they should be explicitly released by developers. Missing release operations of these resources might cause serious problems such as(More)
The aims of this study were to determine (i) whether striatal neuropeptides (dynorphin, enkephalin 1, substance P, cholecystokinin) and dopamine receptors 1 and 2 (D1r and D2r) are regulated by the molecular clock; and (ii) when their oscillations start after birth. Twenty-four-hour mRNA oscillations of these genes were evaluated in the mouse striatum at(More)
BACKGROUND Biomarkers for neurodegenerative diseases are essential to facilitate disease diagnosis. Application of proteomics has greatly hastened the search for novel biomarkers. In this study, new potential biomarkers were discovered, and a diagnostic pattern was established for idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) by using proteomic technology. METHODS(More)
DNA methylation of a CpG island located in intron 1 of the α-synuclein gene (SNCA) has been reported to play an essential role in the regulation of α-synuclein transcription, and probably has a close association with Parkinson's disease (PD). However, there is no simple and cost effective method to quantify DNA methylation in this region. Additionally,(More)
Automatic seizure detection technology is necessary and crucial for the long-term electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring of patients with epilepsy. This article presents a patient-specific method for the detection of epileptic seizures. The fractal dimensions of preprocessed multichannel EEG were firstly estimated using a k-nearest neighbor algorithm.(More)