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Post-translational modifications of proteins by small ubiquitin-like modifiers (SUMOs) play crucial roles in plant growth and development, and in stress responses. The MMS21 is a newly-identified Arabidopsis thaliana L. SUMO E3 ligase gene aside from the SIZ1, and its function requires further elucidation. Here, we show that MMS21 deficient plants display(More)
hMMS21 is a SUMO E3 ligase required for the prevention of DNA damage-induced apoptosis, and acts by facilitating DNA repair in human cells. The Arabidopsis genome contains a putative MMS21 homologue capable of interacting with the SUMO E2 conjugating enzyme AtSCE1a, as indicated by a yeast two-hybrid screen and bimolecular fluorescence complementation(More)
The small ubiquitin modifier (SUMO) conjugation/deconjugation is an important regulatory progress in plant development and responses to abiotic stresses. However, much less is known about the roles of sumoylation in plant root development. Cytokinin and auxin play crucial roles in determining the balance between cell proliferation and cell differentiation(More)
A stable and fast method for constructing a neural-like tissue from rat neural stem/progenitor cells (rNS/PCs) based on three-dimensional (3D) collagen gel is described. First step, the collagen-embedded rNS/PCs expanded with the medium consisting of DMEM/F12/RPMI1640 (1:1:1) supplemented with EGF and bFGF was used to expand the cells in gel in 96-well(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE It has been demonstrated that bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) may both inhibit and enhance cell proliferation of many kinds of cancers, but the impact of BMP7 on lung cancer cells and the exact mechanisms are not clear. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of BMP7 on proliferation of lung carcinoma cells and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE It has been proven that MTA2 was expressed in many tumor cell lines and was correlated with tumor invasion and metastasis. The aim of this study is to investigate the expression of MTA2 protein in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to explore the relationship between the expression of MTA2 and the pathological features. (More)
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has been shown to have a variety of biological activities. However, the effects of CLA on the proliferation of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) are not clear. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of cis-9 trans-11 CLA and trans-10 cis-12 CLA, the predominant individual isomers, on the proliferative activity(More)
The asexual facultative aerobic haploid yeast Candida glabrata is widely used in the industrial production of various organic acids. To elucidate the physiological function of the transcription factor CgCrz1p and its role in tolerance to acid stress we deleted or overexpressed the corresponding gene CgCRZ1 Deletion of CgCRZ1 resulted in a 60% decrease in(More)
Candida glabrata is a promising microorganism for organic acid production. The present study aimed to investigate the role of Mediator complex subunit 3 (CgMed3p) in protecting C. glabrata at low pH conditions. To this end, the genes CgMED3A and CgMED3B were deleted, resulting in the double deletion Cgmed3ABΔ strain. Final biomass and cell viability of(More)
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a well-recognized gastroduodenal pathogen and class I carcinogen. Dual oxidase-2 (DUOX2), a member of NADPH oxidase family, has several critical physiological functions, including thyroid hormone biosynthesis and host mucosal defense. To investigate the effect of H. pylori infection on DUOX2 gene expression in human(More)
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