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BACKGROUND In rural areas of southern China, where hepatitis E is endemic, residents generally rear pigs in pigsties near their houses. The study was conducted to assess the possibility that hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections in this region are acquired primarily through contact with swine. METHODS One hundred twenty swine fecal samples collected from(More)
Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is the most extensively studied mitochondrial disease, with the majority of the cases being caused by one of three primary mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations. Incomplete disease penetrance and gender bias are two features of LHON and indicate involvement of additional genetic or environmental factors in the(More)
Mitochondrial DNA background has been shown to be involved in the penetrance of Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) in western Eurasian populations. To analyze mtDNA haplogroup distribution pattern in Han Chinese patients with LHON and G11778A mutation, we analyzed the mtDNA haplogroups of 41 probands with LHON known to harbor G11778A mutation by(More)
PURPOSE To test the association of the X-chromosome regions (Xp21.1-q21.2 and Xq25-27.2) with Leber hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) in Chinese patients. METHODS One hundred and seventy-five male LHON patients with the G11778A mutation and 100 unrelated normal males participated. Twelve microsatellite markers and four single-nucleotide polymorphisms(More)
PURPOSE To identify mutations in the RPGR and RP2 genes from Chinese families with X-linked retinitis pigmentosa (XLRP). MATERIALS AND METHODS DNA fragments-encompassing coding exons and adjacent intronic regions of RPGR and RP2-were analyzed by cycle sequencing. RESULTS Three mutations (ORF15 + 483_484delGA, ORF15 + 652_653delAG, and ORF15 +(More)
BACKGROUND The neonatal receptor (FcRn) extends the half-life of human immunoglobulin (Ig)G and transports it across the placenta, providing the newborn with humoral immunity. Of the four subclasses, IgG3 stands out with strong effector functions, short half-life (7 days vs. 21 days for other subclasses), and poor placental transport. We recently described(More)
The penetrance of Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) in families with primary mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations is very complex. Matrilineal and nuclear genetic background, as well as environmental factors, have been reported to be involved in different affected pedigrees. Here we describe two large Chinese families that show a striking difference(More)
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a leading cause of vision loss with retinal vascular leakage and/or neovascularization. Current antiangiogenic therapy against vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) has limited efficacy. In this study, we applied a new technology of comparative ligandomics to diabetic and control mice for the differential mapping of(More)
PURPOSE Hepatoma-derived growth factor (HDGF) is a mitogen that promotes endothelial proliferation and neuronal survival. Using a unique technology of ligandomics, we recently identified HDGF as a retinal endothelial binding protein. The purpose of this study is to examine the role of HDGF in regulating ocular vasculature and the expression of HDGF in the(More)