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Glioblastoma (GBM) is one of the most common and dismal brain tumors in adults. Further elucidation of the molecular pathogenesis of GBM is mandatory to improve the overall survival of patients. A novel small non-coding RNA molecule, microRNA (miRNA), appears to represent one of the most attractive target molecules contributing to the pathogenesis of(More)
PURPOSE MicroRNAs (miRNA) are short noncoding RNAs that can play critical roles in diverse biological processes. They are implicated in tumorigenesis and function both as tumor suppressors and as oncogenes. The clinical significance of miRNA expression profiles in malignant gliomas remains unclear. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN In this study, we examined the(More)
MicroRNA (miRNA) is a new class of small noncoding RNA molecules that regulate a wide spectrum of gene expression in a posttranscriptional manner. MiRNAs play crucial roles in tumorigenesis, angiogenesis, invasion, and apoptosis for various types of tumor. Recent studies have identified dysregulation of specific miRNAs in malignant gliomas. Global(More)
We have employed a laser-capture microdissection technique and single-nucleotide polymorphism arrays to characterize genomic alterations associated with the development of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Combined analysis of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and copy number revealed that more than half (56.3%) of the 254 identified LOH loci showed no copy-number(More)
BACKGROUND Detection of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in clinical tissue samples is frequently difficult because samples are usually contaminated with noncancerous cells or because tumor cells in single tissues have genetic heterogeneity, and the precision of available techniques is insufficient for reliable analysis in such materials. We hypothesized that(More)
Recent developments in molecular analysis have revealed genetic alterations in human gliomas. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) is a critical molecular marker for classification of human glioma, and is useful for predicting outcome. Our previous LOH study identified a small subgroup of glioblastoma (GBM), with 1p/19q co-deletion, with a favorable clinical(More)
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a complex mental disorder and can severely interfere with the normal life of the affected people. Previous studies have examined the association of PTSD with genetic variants in multiple dopaminergic genes with inconsistent results. To perform a systematic literature search and conduct meta-analysis to examine whether(More)
Despite recent advances in the diagnosis and treatment of glioblastomas, patient outcomes for these highly malignant tumors remain poor. Research into the molecular pathology of glioblastoma has uncovered various genetic changes that contribute to malignancy. Some of the identified molecular markers--such as loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosome 1p/19q(More)
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE Oligodendroglial tumors rarely occur after radiation therapy. Here, we report a rare case of anaplastic oligodendroglioma arising after radiation therapy, in which genetic analysis was performed. CLINICAL PRESENTATION AND INTERVENTION A 41-year-old man who had received radiation therapy for a tumor of the suprasellar and pineal(More)
BACKGROUND Anxiety and depression have been identified as common psychological distresses faced by the majority of patients with cancer. However, no studies have investigated the relationship between positive psychological variables (hope, optimism and general self-efficacy) and anxiety and depression among patients with central nervous system (CNS) tumors(More)