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Interleukin 17 (IL-17), produced mainly by T helper 17 (Th17) cells, is increasingly recognized as a key regulator in various autoimmune diseases, including human multiple sclerosis (MS) and its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Although several microRNAs (miRNAs) with aberrant expression have been shown to contribute to the(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis 6-kDa early secretory antigenic target (ESAT-6) is a dominant target antigen for cell-mediated immunity in the early phase of tuberculosis. The fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 ligand (FL) that induces potent immune response has been used as an adjuvant in vaccine development. In this study, a new recombinant plasmid(More)
CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBPβ)-enhanced IL-6 and TGF-β1 promoter activity and p300-mediated C/EBPβ acetylation were involved in up-regulation of IL-6 and TGF-β1 expression in GMCs attacked by sublytic C5b-9. In detail, the elements of C/EBPβ binding to rat IL-6 and TGF-β1 promoter and 3 acetylated sites of rat C/EBPβ protein were first revealed.(More)
The 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic demonstrated the significance of a global health threat to human beings. Although pandemic H1N1 vaccines have been rapidly developed, passive serotherapy may offer superior immediate protection against infections in children, the elderly and immune-compromised patients during an influenza pandemic. Here, we applied a novel(More)
BACKGROUND Whether patients with asymptomatic atrial fibrillation (AF) could benefit from radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) remains unclear. This study aimed to compare the outcomes of RFCA between asymptomatic and symptomatic AF. METHODS Sixty-six patients with asymptomatic persistent AF who underwent the primary ablation for AF were enrolled; 132(More)
Inflammatory response has been reported to contribute to the renal lesions in rat Thy-1 nephritis (Thy-1N) as an animal model of human mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis (MsPGN). Besides C5b-9 complex, C5a is also a potent pro-inflammatory mediator and correlated to severity of various nephritic diseases. However, the role of C5a in mediating(More)
The apoptosis of glomerular mesangial cells (GMCs) is considered to be an important contributor to the initiation and development of rat Thy-1 nephritis (Thy-1N) and is accompanied by sublytic C5b-9 deposition. However, the mechanism by which sublytic C5b-9 triggers GMC apoptosis has not been elucidated. In this study, functional and histological(More)
The apoptosis of glomerular mesangial cells (GMCs) in the early phase of rat Thy-1 nephritis (Thy-1N), a model of human mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis (MsPGN), is primarily triggered by sublytic C5b-9. However, the mechanism of GMC apoptosis induced by sublytic C5b-9 remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrate that expressions of(More)
As a new complication, new-onset ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) post atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation have not been well defined. This prospective study aimed to describe the details of new-onset VAs post AF ablation in a large study cohort.One thousand fifty-three consecutive patients who underwent the first radiofrequency catheter ablation for AF were(More)
Development of a novel and effective vaccine against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) is a challenging for preventing TB infection. In this study, a novel nanoparticle-based recombinant DNA vaccine was developed, which contains Esat-6 three T cell epitopes (Esat-6/3e) and fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 ligand (FL) genes (termed Esat-6/3e-FL), and was enveloped(More)