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During investigations into an outbreak of egg production decline, retarded growth, and even death among ducks in Southeast China, a novel Tembusu virus strain named Tembusu virus Fengxian 2010 (FX2010) was isolated. This virus replicated in embryonated chicken eggs and caused embryo death. In cross-neutralization tests, antiserum to the partial E protein of(More)
As pigs are susceptible to infection with both avian and human influenza A viruses, they have been proposed to be an intermediate host for the adaptation of avian influenza viruses to humans. In April 2006, a disease caused by highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) occurred in several pig farms and subsequently(More)
Pseudorabies virus (PRV) has been developed as a vaccine vector for expressing foreign immunogens. Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS), caused by porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), continues to be a major problem to the pork industry worldwide. Many vaccine strategies have been developed to control the disease but(More)
Recently pseudorabies outbreaks have occurred in many vaccinated farms in China. To identify genetic characteristics of pseudorabies virus (PRV) strains, we obtained the genomic sequences of PRV strains HeN1 and JS, which were compared to 4 PRV genomes and 729 partial gene sequences. PRV strains isolated in China showed marked sequence divergence compared(More)
As pigs are susceptible to both human and avian influenza viruses, they have been proposed to be intermediate hosts or mixing vessels for the generation of pandemic influenza viruses through reassortment or adaptation to the mammalian host. In this study, we reported avian-like H1N1 and novel ressortant H1N2 influenza viruses from pigs in China. Homology(More)
H1N1 and H3N2 are the dominant subtypes causing swine influenza in China and other countries. It is important to develop effective vaccines against both H1N1 and H3N2 subtypes of swine influenza virus (SIV). We examined the effects of a DNA vaccine expressing an influenza HA fused to three copies of murine complement C3d in mice. Plasmids encoding soluble(More)
Sialoadhesin (Sn) is an important receptor for viral attachment and internalization of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) to porcine alveolar macrophages (PAM). To investigate whether the N-terminal domain of Sn is sufficient and/or necessary for PRRSV attachment, we constructed a series of truncated fragments of porcine Sn and(More)
Three porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome viruses (PRRSV), NT1, NT2, and NT3, were isolated from three dying piglets from a single pig farm in Jiangsu Province, China. Whole genome sequencing revealed that the three isolates share the highest homology with JXA1-P80, an attenuated vaccine strain developed by serial passage of highly pathogenic(More)
men. In this instance, the real-time TaqMan assay also proved helpful in determining spread (10).gation to determine if newly-discovered variant of Chlamydia trachomatis is present in Ireland. A Chlamydia tracho-matis strain with a 377-bp deletion in the cryptic plasmid causing false-negative nucleic acid amplifi cation tests. Analysis of multiple single(More)
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is an economically important disease in swine-producing areas of the world. Many vaccine strategies developed to control the disease are not yet completely successful. The objective of this study was to determine if RNA interference (RNAi) could be utilized to inhibit PRRSV replication on MARC-145 cells.(More)