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INTRODUCTION In recent years, diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has emerged as a promising tool to study ischemic stroke. The aim of this study is to evaluate the anisotropic changes of cerebral white matter tracks in patients with ischemic stroke using DTI, and investigate the correlation between corticospinal tract damage and muscle strength in such patients(More)
In this work, we evaluated the differences between epileptic electroencephalogram (EEG) and interictal EEG by computing some non-linear features. Correlation dimension (CD) and Hurst exponent (H) were calculated for 100 segments of epileptic EEG and 100 segments of interictal EEG. A comparison was made between epileptic EEG and interictal EEG in those(More)
Neuroinflammation has been implicated in the etiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Many studies have suggested that C(-889) T promoter polymorphism in one of the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-1 (IL-1) encoding gene IL-1A may be associated with AD pathogenesis. To determine whether the polymorphism contributes to the risk for late-onset AD (LOAD) in(More)
The neuroanatomical morphology of the optic nerve is an important description for understanding different aspects like topological distribution of nerves. Manual identification and morphometry has been usually considered as tedious, time consuming, and susceptible to error. A method that automates the identification and analysis of axons from electron(More)
The spontaneously epileptic rat (SER), a double mutant (zi/zi, tm/tm), exhibits both tonic convulsions and absence-like seizures from the age of 8 weeks. Since the first point mutation in the voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC) beta(1) subunit in human generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+) was identified, more and more types of genetic(More)
A new nonlinear approach is presented for high-frequency electrocorticography (ECoG)-based diagnosis of epilepsy. The ECoG data from 3 patients with epilepsy are analyzed in this study. A recently developed algorithm in graph theory, visibility graph (VG), is applied in this research. The approach is based on the key discovery that high-frequency(More)
With the development of communications industry, mobile phone plays an important role in daily life. Whether or not the electromagnetic radiation emitted by mobile phone causes any adverse effects on brain function has become of a great concern. This paper investigated the effect of electromagnetic field on spatial learning and memory in rats. 32 trained(More)
OBJECT To investigate how the characteristic structure of the cytoskeleton in glioma cells is associated with invasiveness. METHODS The whole cytoskeletal system was characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM), while single cytoskeletal elements were exhibited by AFM and using cytoskeletal protein inhibitors to inhibit microfilaments or/and(More)
Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) is the rate-limiting enzyme in brain catecholamine biosynthesis, and tetrahydrobiopterin is its cofactor. Research has focused on identifying mechanisms of TH activity regulation. TH activity is modulated by the cofactor itself, and is enhanced by several kinases phosphorylating key serines in the TH regulatory domain. Aside from(More)
Meningiomas, one of the most common benign brain tumors in humans, arise from arachnoid cells in the brain meninges. Our investigations have revealed that miR-335 is a typical microRNA overexpressed in meningiomas in humans. Characterization of the effects of miR-335 overexpression in meningiomas demonstrated that elevated levels of miR-335 increased cell(More)